CRIM 3657 Chapter Notes - Chapter Doob and Cea: Peer Pressure, Juvenile Delinquency, Moral Panic
Course CodeCRIM 3657
ChapterDoob and Cea
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CRIM 3656 – Week 01 – Introduction to Youth Crime
1. Why should we have a separate youth justice system? Youth crime is based on different
principles from the cause of adult crimes. Thus, they should be faced different sentences that are
not as harsh as adults’ sentences.
2. When should we transfer young people to the adult system? Because youth crime is on the rise,
and should be just as harsh as adult punishment.
3. Do you think youth crime getting better or worse? Are young people becoming more violent?
It is steadily increasing, but not becoming more dangerous as most youth crime offences are non-
violent (i.e. mostly robberies, break-ins, trespassing, etc.) thus, the “rise of crime” is an
overrepresentation by adults who think they are harmful to society with such high rates, when
they are really not.
4. How does youth crime get represented in the media? (read #3) over exaggeration of crime by
adults and moral panics created by the media
5. How are youth a marginalized group? (read #3) Viewed as the “troubled” and “troubling” by
adults and society
6. What does the 'invention of adolescence' mean? It means they are in the process of moving to
adulthood (puberty), known as their “teenage years” of continuing to learn. As they are still in the
process of learning, they still do not fully know what is right from wrong, as grown and matured
7. How do depictions and ways we talk about young people influence solutions? They way the
public thinks about and misinterpret youth crime; this will marginalize youth from a result of
overrepresentation in the media and the spread of moral panic in the fear of youth crime.
Therefore, the solution we only think of is to give them harsher sentences and get treated just like
adults in the penal system.
8. Why do some young people wind up on the street? Kicked out of their homes due to
misbehaving, bad grades, poverty, orphans, coming from a “broken home”
9. What are some issues in defining gangs and gang involvement? Most youth act in gangs and
misbehave as an outcome of peer pressure, pleasure, happiness/joy/laughter, coolness/to fit in.
10. How do we oscillate between a fear for young people and a fear of young people? The fear of
young people can be depicted through the media’s misrepresentation of their crimes, making it
seem far worse than it really is. As for the fear for youth, they have a possibility of being
marginalized by adults in society who are very angry about their behaviour and actions. Most of
society wants youth criminals to be punished just as harsh as adults do. Who will help youth to
getting out of such a sticky situation? Or even help them out of a situation that has caused them to
misbehave? (i.e. being out on the streets will cause them to rob a store, or sell/do drugs). Where
will they go to when they have no one to help them? They are vulnerable and therefore feared for.
11. What do young people actually understand about the law, the justice system and their rights?
They know little to nothing about the justice system and the distinction between right and wrong.
They are still learning, and are in the process of maturing.
12. Where is Youth Justice headed? It is headed in the direction of going nowhere!
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