Textbook Notes (363,559)
Canada (158,426)
York University (12,360)
Film (87)
FILM 2401 (33)

Jan 30 – African Americans in Film and Television .pdf

4 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
FILM 2401
Joseph Kispal- Kovacs

January 30 – African Americans in Film and Television Readings: Textbook Chapter 16 - race relations provide a useful barometer for measuring the state of progress in american society - the founding fathers had tried to construct a new society based on the principle of liberty and equality for all - an institution that was constant with these principles was allowed to persist in the early years of the republic - human slavery, since ancient times, took a more odious character in the early days of trans atlantic trade carried out by british and other european countries - millions of africa (usually in western regions of continent) were transported to americas to labour on plantations - their labour provided wealth, primitive accumulation of capital, that filled industrial revolution in europe and US for which financial reparations are still due - modern anti black racism was born out of the ideological operations that were needed by slavers to reconcile the institution of slavery with principles of Christianity which spoke of a creator made al of us in his image, later with principles of equality outline in the founding documents of the american republic - only way to achieve reconciliation of such fundamental contradictions was to deny the humanity of these slaves and to assert their inferiority - cultural representations in 19th cent. reinforce these msgs - civil war was fought over many issues but the issue per whether the settlement of the west should be based on free or slave states was central - 1863 abrhaham lincon issues emancipation proclamation ending slavery - 14th amendment enshrined legal rights for african americans the 15th forbade the denial of the right to vote to persons based on race, skin colour, etc - 1877 northern and southern whites seeking reconciliation with eachother tacitly allowed the gains of reconstruction constitutional amendments - north—discrimination in the housing and job markets made life difficult for african americans - they became second class citizens - south had lost the american civil war, but they appeared to be winning the more pervasive cultural and political - war that followed it the cinema, which began less than two decades after reconstruction ended, played an important role in perpetuating images of the alleged inferiority of black americans - incorporated negative stereotyping found in other arts (theatre) - they have been excluded from working behind the camera and from the business of showing movies - keeping with the general exclusion of african americans from accumulating capital and/or managing it for most of the last 400 years - since african americans did not have access to capital to make their own films, they were almost completely reliant on the offerings of white filmmakers - small black business class including a few film entrepreneurs - they were still marginal to the US film industry - starved of capital, their films were often low budget imitations of hollywood films and were not well received by the american audiences for which they were intended - major structural changes that took place in hollywood around the time of coming of sound made it impossible for every small african american fil industry to continue operating - enormous amounts of capital were need to make exhibit sound films - still a small market of africanAmerican moviegoers, hollywood did make some films in the 1920s /30s - since african americans made up some 10% of the population, they were still a market that could bring in some profit - the most successful american movie of all time (gone with the wind) was offensive in context of representation - characters conform to common stereotypes associated with representing african americans in the first 50 years of the movies— reinforce their role as servants inside and outside the homes of white masters - used most simplistic of character types, and most racist evidently - sympathetic representations of the antebellum film that offers a romantic idealized look at the southern side of the conflict in the american civil war - african americans eventually had their political and economic liberties seriously curtailed for a long period of time, especially in the south - connection between massive defeat of american progressive (architects of reconstruction) in the late 1870s and the cultural representations of the defeated african americans - the south may have lost the civil war, but they successfully won the broader cultural war to demonize and marginalize the african defended citizens of the nation - one of the biggest problems was the relative absence of black film workers in hollywood - first half of the 20th century —national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP) was main organization that fought for rights of african americans - naacp recognized cinema played an important role in perpetuating held prejudices in american society - 1942 naacp and major hollywood studios met ending in the drafting of rules of help bring about changes in how african americans were represented in moves and in he number of those who cold find work as technicians in the industry - naacp tried to tackle: how they were represented and how they could actually find work in business itself - since african americans constituted 10% of pop for most of 20th century, the movie business was more worried about alienating is southern white movie audiences than in cultivating a black audience - painting and literature did not recur the same level of capital investment - south had strict segregation laws kept african american and white audiences apart - north, segregation was technical illegal but bc cites had developed along segregated lines, movie theatres segregation occurred because theatres catered to whoever was living in the area - civil rights movement of 50s and 60s proved to be main catalyst in ending segregation in movie theatres of america - absence of black labour in hollywood mirrored the structural segregation of african american workers in many other industries before ww2 - only in late 60s do we see the re-emergence of an african american cinema with movies made by african americans film makers, writers and directors - civil rights movement—-mai
More Less

Related notes for FILM 2401

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.