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Jan 16 - The Nightly News.pdf

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FILM 2401
Joseph Kispal- Kovacs

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January 16 - The Nightly News
 Case Study: The Vietnam War - vietnam war and americas eventual withdrawal from it was probably the defining event in american history after ww2 - vietnam was colonized by france in 19th century - during ww2 japan invaded and occupied veitnam as part of its growing pacific empire - to run the country they used the french vichy administration - joint french and japanese occupation was opposed by the viet minh (the league for the independence of vietnam - the viet minh received funding from US and China who were fighting Japan - after japanese defeat, the view minh were promised eventual independence from french rule - french instead reinstated colonial rule - viet minh launched a renewed war for independence and appealed to the united states for help against the french - inspired by american war of independence against britsh and felt americans would understand their aspirations - US supported french and began financing the french military efforts to destroy the viet minh - chinese revolution of 49 gave viet minh a new ally - the french were emphatically defeated in battle of dien bien phu - french were forced to leave and a peace conference was held to determine vietnams future - country divided - north ran by viet minh and south controlled by pro western leader - US showered diems government with military aid and by sending military advisors to help train the south viertnamese army - US sent american soldiers to prop up the government of south vietnam - US military leaders repeatedly stressed that victory was imminent and although the US won almost every single engagement with the enemy, they underestimated the resilience of a people fighting for their liberation from foreign rule - american population began to turn against their government - peace treaty was signed in paris in 1973 - US to withdrawal from Vietnam - war continued between north and south - north invaded the south with led to victory of the north - country reunified under communist rule (the outcome americnas had hoped to avoid when they began financing the french) - all the bombs caused mass civilian casualty - vietnam war was the first american war since the invention of motion pictures that did not produce an outpouring of films hoping to capitalize on the publics interest in conflict - news was showing it on a daily basis - after the war many films began appearing about it with both conservative and liberal perspectives - heart of darkness glorifies militarism and violence while examining the leadership styles of various soldiers - also has scenes of american cruelty to the vietnamese which give it an anti war character - completely absent from these films is devastating effects had on people of vietnam - powerful military power attacked poor divesting country in order to make sure the civil war would not establish of a communist state - US dropped 7mil worth of bombs - most american films about vietnam ware largely self absurd ruminations on the ill effects it had on americans and are incapable of offering us a more objective view of what happened to the people of veitnam
 Readings: Textbook Chapter 13 - nightly news broadcasters - broadcast radio news that played an important role in shaping the way americans vied the two defining events of the 30s and 40s (the great depression and the second world war) and theatrical newsreels that shaped the way americans saw the broader world around them - newreels took on larger importance during ww2 - concerns of producing information within a commercial context: advertising on radio and admission prices for newsreels - the news was delivered by an announcer, someone with an authoritative voice who reads out the stories from newspapers and wire services - live on location reporting also became very popular during 1930s and 40s allowing listeners to hear stories as they were unfolding - news relied primarily upon licensing film footage shot by newsreel companies - early network television news was supported by the single sponsor system - it was only in the later part of the 1950s that they were able to make their own new programs and move to the multi sponsor system of advertising - politically, the rise of the tv news after ww2 coincided with the beginnings of the cold war - the nightly news was clearly on the side of capitalism and its outlook was shaped by a defines of free markets and the campaigning of the emerging consumer society that became synonymous with the american way of life - - enemy was totalitarian state capitalism more and more american television viewers began to look to television news programs to help them understand what was going on in their communities in the arguer world around them - arrival of 16mm film cameras in 50s made shooting film footage easier and cheaper - emboldened by the experience of ww2 and the korean war as well as the opening up of good high paying jobs in the industrial heartland of america, they demonstrated a newfound confidence hat their centuries old struggle was at a major crossroads - night after night the television news brought images of white violence against african-americans into living rooms nationwide - the civil rights movement would forever change the attitude americans over the issue of racial equality, and television news tributes to this new awareness in no small part by documenting struggle and letting americnas make up their own minds - vietnam was first televised war - the three networks began to devote an enormous amount of their resources so that they could inform americans of the wars latest development on a daily basis - at first public and commercial news industry were firmly behind the american governments argument that this was a major conflict of the cold war - us needed to win to stop the spread of communism - us public realized this was a lie and support for war collapsed - conservative pundits blame the news media for american defeat - american public was too stupid to be trusted wight he truth - critical coverage of the war was undermined domestic support for the war and that this represented a liberal bias on the part of the new media - for most of the war the news reporting was very favourable to the governments position - reporters tended to focus on shooting interviews with soldiers in vietnam and covering press conferences convened by US military and government officials - later in the war combat footage and footage of military operations became available for broadcast - broadcasting these images, which often contradicted the official line put forward at press conferences, caused americans to begin to doubt their leaders - american gov learned free flow of info must never be allowed to upset military operations - after vietnam US federal government imposed various levels of restriction on the press reporting of military conflicts which they were involved Ryan and Kellner in Film Reader - regressive portrayals of women, assertions of male power and right wing violence in conservative vietnam films - american culture at this time: trajectory insects eventually with the rise of the new right as a force in american politics and with the renewal of militarism during the regain eighties - connection between representations of paranoid projection in the horror genre as a reaction to feminism and representations of received military might as a result of threats to national self esteem - conservatives— greatness as a nation means the ability to exercise military power - proof of manhood in war films were accompanied by a nationalistic idealism that pictured the american fighting man as a heroic liberator of oppressed people and as a defender of freedom - after the war the defines of political freedom against the right wing corporation of the facist movement was replaced by a defines of free enterprise capitalism against both soviet communism and notional liberation movements throughout the world - the equation of freedom and democ
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