GWST 1502 Chapter 19: CBC News, “Supplement 18, Colonization and Residential Schools”
DepartmentGender and Women's Studies
Course CodeGWST 1502
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CBC News, “Supplement 18, Colonization and Residential Schools” (H&R, pp. 294-295)
Summary and Notes
In the 19th century, the Canadian government believed it was responsible for educating
and caring for aboriginal people in Canada. It thought their best chance for success was to
learn English and adopt Christianity and Canadian customs. Ideally, they would pass their
adopted lifestyle on to their children, and native traditions would diminish, or be
completely abolished in a few generations.
Compensation called Common Experience Payments was made available to residential
schools students who were alive as of May 30, 2005. Former residential school students
are eligible for $10,000 for the first year or part of a year they attended school, plus
$3,000 for each subsequent year.
An Independent Assessment Process, or IAP, was set up to address sexual abuse cases
and serious incidents of physical abuse. A former student who accepts the Common
Experience Payment can pursue a further claim for sexual or serious physical abuse.
Residential schools were federally run, under the Department of Indian Affairs.
Attendance was mandatory for children in the many communities that didn't have day
schools. Agents were employed by the government to ensure all native children attended
Wynne announced that the $250 million would be spent on 26 new initiatives.
Her apology is Ontario's response to last year's 381-page report from the Truth and
Reconciliation Commission on the abuses suffered by residents in Indigenous
The report found that children were physically and sexually abused and died in numbers
that would not have been tolerated in any school system.
Zimmer said the name of his ministry is being changed to reflect a new emphasis on
rebuilding relations with Aboriginal Peoples in Ontario. He acknowledged that the
ministry's name has been changed before by previous governments.
"We've changed the name to properly reflect our emphasis on building relationships and
on reconciliation. Symbols and language are very important in these matters," he said.
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