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HIST 2500 (33)

Feb 6- J. B. McLachlan and Irene Parlby .pdf

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HIST 2500
William Wicken

February 6: J. B. McLachlan and Irene Parlby Readings: Francis, Selling Canada, 127-70; - 1889 english artist edward roper settled - interested in seeing the land as a tourist - british travellers wrote about experience in Canadian north and west as exotic and picturesque with some danger to their british audience - william francis butler ventured to red river and his book great lone land reinforced view that canada was untouched wilderness - quqbex as romantic and thousand islands and niagara attractions - transcontinental railway, transforming the experience of travel - travel for travel sake became affordable for the middle classes - the railway preceded settlement, rather than following it - mid 1880—the prairie population boom was sill a decade in the future - if the railway was going to profit, passengers were going to have to be convinced to travel on it - cant export the scenery so we’ll have to import the tourists - canadian pacific began campaign to convince travellers that they must visit canada, esp western canada - posters, pamphlets, maps, books through europe and US - promote rocky mountain west as attractive for visitors - railway artists produced a steady steam of canvases that revealed the world of beauty and majesty of canadian landscape - to increase the number of visitors, the cpm also made efforts to provide every comfort for the touring public - first class, coach and express trains - the federal government collaborated wight he cpm in turing the canadian landscape into a profit centre - nothing attracts tourists like national parks - early promoters saw western scenery as a commodity, a natural resource that could be sold just as other natural resources were sold - in 1915—6500 foreign visitors came to rocky mountains park and spent a total of more than 16 mil in canada - what was good for the cpr was good for canada - if canada was sold to tourists as a spectacular wilderness where visitors could experience nature in all its majesty, it was all promoted as indian country—every bit exotic for its native inhabitants as the depth of africa or a remote island in the south pacific - indigenous people had been the attraction to canada for a long time - cpr hired painters to paint the scenery - earliest exporers arrived to trade for furs - the pattern of exploiting the outsiders fascination with north americas indigenous people was continued by the CPR - american children learn kodaking before they learn to behave themselves - recognizing the marketability of indigenous people, the CPR inaugurated banff indian days, an annual summer festal featuring aspects of local first nations culture - the campaign to attract tourist traffic for cpm trains eventually did more than promote access to exotic people and stunning landscapes - began to see it as an enterprise that created canada - the completion of the railway made canada possible, the argument ran - the construction of the canadian pacific consummated confederation - without the line the NW would have called into the grasping hands of the united states, without the line, western grain would not have reached its markets and new settlers would never have populated the plains - prior to ww1 it was impossible to see the country except by rail - the company produced the images that age more ppl their first look at the canadian landscape - al these familiar images of nationality were created by the cpm as part of its corporate stragey t develop the western hinterland as a profit centre - the cpr’s multifaceted marketing campaign, reinforced by the efforts of government immigration officials who were already selling the west as a sunny paradise full of wild game and fertile farmland, resulted in a significant increase in the number of people visit canada - by 1912 cpm was carrying 15.5 mil passageners a year and 2 other tanscontinetal rail lines (canadian northern and grand trunk pacific) were set to begin service to the west coast within 2 years - train passengers were mainly immigrants and tourists from abroad eager to experience the country they had seen and read about in the railway promotional literature - after ww1 automobile arrived in canada was rush and challenged railways monopoly on tourist trade - 1930 canada boasted the third largest per capita rate of car ownership in the world - american driving into canada during the 20s - government expenditure on roads rose along with number of motor vehicles using them - by the middle of the 1920s the provinces collectively were spending more on highways than any other single item in their budget - june 1940 big bend highway connected golden to revel stoke through the mountainous interior of british columbia and for the first time it was possible to travel by car from alberta to the pacific on all canadian route - banff-jasper highway opened magnificent central rockies to motoring tourist - many motorists preferred to go gypsying—pitching a tent by the side of the road and camping under the stars instead of renting a hotel - 1923 merge railways into single stat downed line, the canadian national railway (cnr) - indigenous population dissapering bc of disease, poverty and encroachment of civilization - totem poles signifying populations soon to be extinct - totem poles became part of BC brand - white settlers who were pushing the fitksan off their land, white canneries that were devouring the salmon, white loggers who were cutting up their best timber - cn gained a great deal of publicity by advertising itself as the railway to totem pole land - 1920 as a period when government intervened to promote tourism in an specially aggres
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