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HIST 2500 (33)

Mar 6- Tommy Douglas and Maurice Duplessis .pdf

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York University
HIST 2500
William Wicken

March 6: Tommy Douglas and Maurice Duplessis Douglas: hospital and health insurance. Duplessis: UN, nationalism, and the Padlock Law. Readings: Peter Ward,’Evacuation,’in Walker, ed., The History of Immigration, pp. 205-20; J.L. Granatstein and GregoryA. Johnson, ‘The Evacuation of Japanese Canadians, 1942:A Realist Critique of the Received Version,’in Walker, ed., The History of Immigration, pp. 221-36. Bumsted, pp. 346-52. - Canada went to war on sept 10 1939 - government waited a week after british declared war on Germany to emphasize Canadas independent status - nations entry into war helped complete process of economic recovery - Canada proved capable of mobilizing resources remarkably swiftly when required - Canada accepted british commonwealth air trained plan - using war measures act, Canada succeeded in mobilizing economic resources in a way that seemed impossible during the depression - federal government collected most of the revenue and made grants to the princes to recover their operating expenses - unemployment was under 2%, federal spending rose 3.4% of the gnp in 1939 and 37.6 by 1944, industrial growth inflated - nation became one of worlds industrial giants producing 850000 motorized cars and 16000 aircrafts during the war - government borrowed from its citizens particularly through bonds - Canada appeared more capable of efficient use of its productive capacity to fight destructive wars abroad than to battle domestically with poverty and unemployment - many thousands of Canadians spent most or all of the war hears in Britain and a number brought back to Canada their british wives after the war - RCN grew 365 ships spending the war mainly protecting convoys on NAroute - many other Canadians and newfoundlanders serviced in Canadians merchant marine - Canada had third largest navy amend allied powers,fourth largest air force and forth largest army - major powers (Britain, US, USSR) treated Canada as little different from allied nations like Chile, brazil - one innovation in this war was active military service of women - as in 1914-1918 large numbers of women were employed in the war industry but by 1945 over 43, 000 women were actually in uniform - poll taken in 1944 most Canadians including 68% of women believed men should be given preference for employment in the post war reconstruction - machinery for women participation n the workforce included daycare centres were dismantled with haste at wars end - Canadian government proved insensitive to pacifists beliefs - interned Canadians without trial - king government forcibly evacuated Japanese Canadians from west coast and to internment camps in the interior of BC, their land seized and property sold at auction - national emergency to justify dissemination of propaganda—management of information - citizens needed to be educated in order to maintain a faith and hope and to eliminate potential elements of disunity - wartime policies revolved around conscription and post war reconstruction - conscripts were sent to europe but few served as combats before war ended - 1941 many canadians had apparently come to realize the failure to make a concerted assault on social injustice had been a result mainly of governments refusal to act - 1944 king declared conception of industry as being in the nature of social service for the benefit of all - introduction of social reform was necessary to deal with threat from ccf but also to prevent possible public disorder in the conclusion of the war and to assert authority to the federal government - family allowances act 1944—benefits to mothers of children under 16 - 944 national housing act—repair, modernizing of existing houses - kings government turned post war period with intentions of attaching problem of social justice with constitutional limitations of the BNAact simultaneously - limited leisure time and absence of big ticket consumer items (cars and home appliances) forced many canadians to save
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