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Mar 20- Gordie Howe .pdf

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HIST 2500
William Wicken

March 20: Gordie Howe Broad Themes: Sport and theAmericanization of Canadian society. Reading: Bumsted, pp. 404-50 including embedded texts on George Grant (pp. 413-4), Harold Cardinal (p. 416), Report of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women (p. 419), The Ideology of the FLQ (p. 439), and Bobby Hull (p. 448). - 1958-1972 in canada will always be labelled the sixties - revolution in the air - canadian economy continued to grow, unpleasant side effects became more evident - government sought to reform the legal system regarding divorce while rates of marital breakdown reached epidemic proportions - canadians stopped attending church at record numbers - increase number of students at canadian universities became concerned about american influence in canada - influenced by american student reaction to the war in vietnam - variety of collective minorities began insisting on their rights, the acceptance of which would require the complete making of social justice and society in canada - nation celebrated centennial in 1967 - usual picture of canada after ww2 shows a naive and complacent society that, with the aid of imported american ideas, suddenly questioned virtually all its values - much confrontation occurred because institutions did not change rapidly enough - the radical sixties - three of the periods most striking developments:a broad social shift towards liberalization, the appearance of youth centered counter culture, and the emergence of newly energized collective minorities in canadian society - reformers were first radicals ever to have access to colour tv - a previous canadain reluctance to examine morality ended - the old media taboos against sexual explicitness, obscenity and graphic depiction of violence virtually disappeared - tv news itself constantly undermined that self restraint with its coverage of what was happening around the world - constant television coverage of the decades more brutal events, increasingly in living colour, brought violence into everyones living rooms - assassination of jfk, brother robert, martin luther king, paris and chicago student riots, scenes of vietnam - october crisis, the guess who, canadian rock group - american women identified the US with violin and canadas relationship with its southern neighbour in sexual terms - sexuality became more explicit - canadians began to talk and write openely about sexual intercourse, contraception, abortion, premarital sex, homosexual behaviour - womens ambition to gain control of their own bodies and reproductive function - enovid—oral contraceptive—the pill in 1960 - women was responsible for its proper administration - birth rate decline in 1959 - language was liberated - in everday life many ordinary canadians used not only profanities bt a rich vocabulary of vulgar slang that could be found n few dictionaries of the day - trudeau—state has no place in the bedrooms of the nation - prime minister in 69 - state had the right to limit the availability of potential harmful substances through criminal code - not appropriate to use the criminal code to enforce morality, regardless of the potential for harm to the individual of society - termination of pregnancy became legal if carried out by physicians in proper facilities and following a certification by a special panel of doctors that the continuation of the pre fancy of such female person would or would be likely to endanger her life or health - individuals were entitled to decide on the ways in which they harmed themselves - many women's groups have come to advocate stricter legislation on obscenity and indecency, particularly in the media, in order to protect women and children from sexual abuse - the counterculture - rebellious reaction of young baby boomers against the ales of their elders, a movement that came to be known as the counterculture - student activists and hippies were often the same people - anchored by sex, dope and rock music - movements of affluence, not amrinality - US was spiritual home of sixties counterculture in english canada - americans had suburbanized their culture and universalized education - university campus provided ideal spawning group for youthful rebellion - american society preached equality for all while denying it to blacks - mobilized youthful idealism and demonstrated the techniques of the protest march and ciil disobedience as well as - the symbolic values of popular song when some american blacks left the civil rights movement, convinced that only violence could truly alter the status quo, they provided models for urban guerrilla activity, including growing terrorist campaign in quebec associated with separatism - the vietnam war became the perfect symbol for the sixties generation of everything that was wrong with mainstream american society - exportable as an emblem of american evil, representing everything that the rest of the world hated about the US, including its arrogant assumption that it was always morally superior - hostility to american policy in vietnam fuelled canadian anti-americanism as a paperback book about US - the movement was much better at explaining what was wrong with the present system than at proposing workable alternatives - front de libertion du quebec - many of the sixties generation lacked such ambition or direction - for many it meant experimenting with drugs, cannabis and seuxal freedom bordering on promiscuity in an age when sexually transmitted diseases seemed readable with antibiotics - rock music united the young and separated them from their parents - george grant on canadian fate and imperialism - destruction of people—asian - the vast majority of canadians are a product of western civilization and live entirely within the forms and assumptions of that enterprise - today the enterprise of western civilization finds its spearhead in the american empire - our lives are inevitably bound up in the meeting of that empire with the rest of the world - the depth of that common destiny with the americans is shown in the fact that many candians who are forced to admit the sheer evil of what is being done in vietnam say at the same time that we have no choice but to stand with the americans as the pillar o western civilization - society is above all a machine for greed, and our branch plant industry is making a packet out of the demolition vietnam - our very form of life depends on our membership in the western industrial empire which is centre in the USA and which starches out its hegemony into parts off western europe and which controls south america and much of africa and asia - present form of life depend s on our place as second class members of that system - 60s kids grew up and the 70s stopped becoming the 60s - the rise of militant collectiveness - french canadians compared themselves with american blacks - while on one level emerging collectives could hardly avoid sympathizing with French canada, on another level of the arguments and aspirations of quebec often seriously conflicted with those other groups - many collectives sough to mobilize federal power to achieve their goal often seeing the provinces and provincial rights as part of their problem - 1920s league of indians - 1961 national indian council was founded—native people who hoped to combine the concerns of sttus and non status indians - by the end of the decade an merging native militancy was able to marshal its forces to confront the federal government when it tried to rethink the aboriginal problem - white paper reassessment: abolition of indian act (eliminate status indians), transfer of first nations land from crown trust to first nations and devolution of responsibility for aboriginal people to the provinces - white paper was consistent with deferral policy towards all minorities, including french canadians - advancement of the individual rather than the collective rights of native people - harold cardinal - president of indian association of alberta - described the white paper as a thinly disguised programme of extermination through assimilation - wash hands of indians entirely, passing the buck to the provisional governments - buckskin curtain —- aboriginals tried to help all of canada when canada didn't care about natives - they disregarded natives finding of canada - red paper which attempted to outline a positive program for his people - allowin aboriginal people full access to canadian social services would make an advance over existing paternalism - women want equal opportunity - the right of women to choose to be employed outside the home, the obligation of parents and society to care for children, the special responsibilities of society to women because maternity and the need for positive action to overcome entrenched patterns of discrimination - womens body used as a commodity of exchange - true liberation would come only when women could control their own bodies - brith control and aborition became to central political questions, as well as daycare, equal pay for equal work - gays - a still buoyant economy - inflation and interest rates were manageable - low unemployment rates - montreal and toronto built subway systems - malls popped up everywhere - hydroelectric expansion - most srs disadvantage area was theAtlantic region—maritime & nfl - report of the royal commission on the status of women - everyone is entitled to the rights and freedoms proclaimed in the universal declaration of human rights - equality of opportunity for everyone should be the goal of canadian society - the right to adequate standard of living is without value to the person who has no means of achieving it - freedom to choose a career means little fi the opportunity to enter some occupations is restricted - full use of human resources is in the national interest - women and men having the same rights and freedoms share the same responsibilities - should have equal opportunity to fulfil obligation - women should be free to choose whether or not to make employ
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