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HIST 3838 Chapter Notes - Chapter --: Bear-Baiting, Ken Burns, Evangelicalism


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3838
Professor
Colin Mc Mahon
Chapter
--

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September 30. Professionals Strike Back: Gender and Class in the 19th Century
Morrow and Walmsley, Chapter 5 “The Growth and Professionalization of Team Sports:
Lacrosse, Baseball, and Hockey”
-lacrosse
-lacrosse first reached a crescendo of Canadian interest in the decades following
confederation and subsequently dwindled in its allure and allegiances right around the first
world war
-baseball gathered sporadic momentum just prior to the turn of the 20th century and all but
replaced lacrosse in cross canada enthusiasm by the 1920s and 30s
-ice hockey took root in eastern canada in the last third of the 19th century and escalated
quickly into semi professional and professional leagues early in the following century
-although lacrosse was perceived by early missionaries and travellers to be crude and
dangerous, and despite the seemingly chaotic appearance of the game, modern research has
emphasized the ritualistic nature of the contests, the skills required and the emphasis on
values such as discipline, leadership, physical skill, physical conditioning and the tribal
unity
-George Beers helped to spread lacrosse
-1876 shamrocks met the toronto club, which had an irish protestant membership, there was
a built in rivalry that could only enchain the emphasis on whining from a spectator point of
view
-the shamrocks were constantly accused of dirty play and ungentlemanly conduct, and
subjected to media attributions
-a major contributor to the widespread and rapid rise to popularity of lacrosse was its
spectator appeal, not only was it fast paced, colourful and easy to understand, but it was
also rugged body contact sport that led to disputes and rough or violent play
-Beers sold lacrosse to great Britain not only as a gam but also as a symbol of canada
-2883 lacrosse tour; 62 matches were played in 41 different cities in 2 months in britian and
ireland
-by the mid 1880s lacrosse was perhaps the major popular team sport in canada
-int eh 2 decades surroudn the 1900, lacrosse developed rapidly in the western provinces—
manitoba and BC
-1994, both hockey and lacrosse were declared hands national sports for winter and sumer
by the federal parliament in the national sports act
-baseball
-Young Canadians first known organized baseball team
-1860s woodstock young Canadians
-the only evidence of clubs outside ontario and BC was in Montreal in 1865 and halifax in
1867
-lopsided games were common as batters could wait for their choice of pitch and when
fielder and infielders were usually inept at catching and throwing
-fly catches weren't practiced since a ball caught after the 1st bounce registered the same out
-1864 woodstock played guelph starting a rivalry as they became leading in baseball in
1870s
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-by 1876 the logon tecumseh club was on eo fate best known teams in NA playing highly
competitive professional baseball by american rules with american players
-housewives, doctors, clerks, lumberman, merchants and fishermen could e sitting gin the
grandstand or standing along the sidelines
-baseball games typically does 10% of the overall population of 20,000
-in quebecs eastern townships, baseball flourished after the turn of the century and french
Canadian rural communities promoted the game though schools, churches and challenge
tournaments
-1900 and 1920 baseball was canada’s most popular sport
-during the first world war and the decades immediately following the war that woman
softball because very popular
-factory sponsored teams d church and youth organizations among others provided
recreation in a variety of sports like softball for working class women
-saturday night baseball
-1936/1937 an all balck team the black panthers made up mostly of maeircan southerners,
played in montreal
-bud fowler not accepted as black pitcher
-hockey
-mcgill started hockey teams
-montreal city hockey league was the first league in canada
-arthur stanley, son of the governor general of candy “lord stanley” was a player of the rebels
and promoter of the game in ottawa
-in 1892 the governor general inspired by the sons interest in the game, donated a silver cup
to be won on a challenge game basis beginning in 1893 and the stanley cup was born
-what really launched professional hockey was the mining boom in copper and steel in
northern michigan and northern ontario
-mining money was used to promote and fund the league
-baseball in canada began like an experimental process driven by two entrepreneurs solemn
and englehardt
-lacrosse began as a middle class sport with indigenous roots and omnipresent value system
-montreal middle class clubs controlled its development as did the prevailing code of the
amateur idealists
-field lacrosse thrived in the industrial era while baseball seems adaptable and somehow more
timeless in popularity
-hockey evolved from shinty and hurley and was nurtured and refined by middle class
organizers in montreal
-mining and business entrepreneurs created the first professional leagues in hockey both
bifurcating and enfolding the apparently competing ideals of amateurism and professionalism
Chapter 6 “ Stars and Heroes: Hanlan, Rubenstein, Cyr, Scott and Johnson”
-edward (ned) hanlan
-canadas firs individual world champion in sport
-single sculls rowing—last half of the 19th century
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