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Health Studies
HLST 1010
Dennis Raphael

CHAPTER 2—SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE Symbolic Interactionism (micro): - It's a school of thought that stems from the Weberian tradition (1864-1920) where they focus on the interactions between individuals and the meanings that these interactions create. - Meaning arise from interactions that you have with others in society. - takes a small scale view of society and focuses on the interactions between individuals and through this it can explain social order. - The meaning we give something can change due to our interactions or just change overtime and things can have different values depending on the person. - It was first defined by Herbert Blummer in 1937 and he defined it by three key principles: 1) Each individual gives a meaning to certain things and act based on those meanings 2) These meanings arise out of social interactions 3) People change depending on their interactions with people/objects and give value to certain things. Social Constructionism (macro): - School of thought that came out of symbolic interactionism - Interested in relating to the broader aspects of society - More sensitive to boarder issues and how society interacts with people’s ideas - Theory that knowledge, theories and many aspects of the world are not real, but because we give them reality through social agreements. - We give everything meaning and our identity is created by the interactions with other people. - Explains reality through the thoughts of human and not fundamental facts - Argues that the idea of we as people creating everything - Tries to look at the relationship between personal understanding and how they shape society and vice versa - Everything that people say and do build together to create facts. It can be argued that all medical facts are socially created. - Irving Zola in 1972 created the Medicalization theory. - It's processed by which symptoms, life events, and deviant behaviours become defined as a medical disease. - There are 5 steps to the process of Medicalization of Deviance 1) Behaviour being
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