Stearns – Defining Civilizations
- Two definitions of civilization: First, a form of human organization and second, it
describes certain coherences that develop in certain regions as the basis of particular
civilizations. Coherence: integration of diverse elements, relationships, or values.
- Civilizations grow up in economies and this allows them to support social and political
- Cities are important to civilizations as they reflect and encourage trade.
- Writing is also important to civilizations as it allows them to keep records which facilitate
commercial transactions and political bureaucracies. Also provides ways to record new
- Civilization as a form of human organization is not necessarily better than other forms.
Often involves more social inequality and may not produce more kindness or happiness.
- The implications of superiority should b