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Chapter 1

HUMA 1845 Chapter 1: Tutorial Readings 1

3 Pages

Course Code
HUMA 1845
Marta Simidchieva

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Tutorial Readings 1 “Islam through western eyes” – Edward Said - On one hand, Islam represents the threat of a resurgent atavism, which suggests not only the menace of a return to the Middle Ages but the destruction democratic order in the Western world - On the other hand, Islam is made to stand for a defensive counter-response to this first image of Islam as threat, especially when “good” Moslems like the Saudi Arabians or the Afghan Moslem “freedom fighters” against the Soviet Union are in question Neal Robinson. "The Fascination of Islam"(p. 97-110) Development of Islamic Studies in Western Europe - Peter the Venerable commissioned the first Latin translations of the Quran - Broad consensus that Islam was a false religion by Muhammed, on the basis of incomplete knowledge of the bible (painted by Peter and Christian scholars) - Also how he spread his creed by violence, and preaching self-indulgence and sexual license - Staff and Alumni of Christian Islamicists corrected the disoriented image of Islam  Portrayed Islam as a noble religion th - Orientalists gradually emancipated themselves from the tutelage of the Church, and by the 19 century this process became known as Islamic Studies - European scholars translated many texts in Persian and Arab The Traditional Muslim Approach to Islamic Studies - Ibn Khaldu¯n’s magisterial Prolegomena to History  states that there were two categories of academic discipline that were studied and taught in his day. - First category was described as natural to human beings and the fruit of their thought, known as rational sciences  Ibn Khaldu¯n lists these rational sciences as logic, the various branches of mathematic, physics, and metaphysics - second category is of the traditional or conventional sciences  everything depends on information given on religious authority - Traditional sciences can be categorized under 4 headings: (1) Qur’a¯nic studies, including knowledge of how the Qur’a¯n was transmitted on the authority of the Prophet (2) H½ ad¯õth studies, including knowledge of how the h½ ad¯õths were transmitted; (3) The principles of jurisprudence, that is to say knowledge of the role of the Qur’a¯n, (4) Jurisprudence, which he defines as ‘the knowledge of the divine laws that govern the actions of all responsible Muslims’ Islamic Studies in Symbiosis with Religious Studies and Theology - Religious Studies is the multi-disciplinary and non-confessional study of religion and religions - 5 ways in which it can enrich Islamic Studies: 1) Because it takes religious belief seriously, neither assuming it nor ignoring it 2) By ta
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