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HUMA 1905 (3)


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York University
HUMA 1905
Peter Fruchter

Chapter 1: - novel takes place in 632 AF (after ford) - Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre: a factory that produces human beings and conditions them for their “predestined” roles in the World State there are no offsprings/children, rather a sort of invitro fertilization where it is nurtured in customary bottles - Each “artificial” being is systematically placed in different classes: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Epsilons - this creates social stability because the clones are predestined to perform the same tasks World State motto: “community, identity, stability.” - Fetuses are modified based on their class/casteoxygen deprivation and alcohol treatment = lower IQ - fetuses are conditioned physically and psychologically depending on their occupation (i.e. jobs in hot climate = conditioning in warm environments; rocket engineers = conditioned to love in constant movement these processes, aspects, etc. enable “people” to enjoy their predestined social destiny - The almost religious regard in which the World State holds technology is apparent from the start. - The World State’s religious adherence to technology is far from innocent. In fact it becomes one of the pillars of stability for the totalitarian World State. As the Director says, “social stability” is the highest social goal, and through predestination and rigorous conditioning, individuals accept their given roles in society without question. - Conditioning individuals genetically, physically, and psychologically for their “inescapable social destinies” stabilizes the caste system by creating servants who love and fully accept their servility. Moreover, conditioning makes them virtually incapable of performing any other function than that to which they are assigned. - One theme emphasized repeatedly in this first chapter is the similarity between the production of humans in the Hatchery and the production of consumer goods on an assembly line. Everything about human reproduction is technologically managed to maximize efficiency and profit. for the good of all. - Following the rule of supply and demand, the Predestinators project how many members of each caste will be needed, and the Hatchery produces human beings according to those figures. One of the keys of mass production is that every part is identical and interchangeable; a steering wheel from one Model T fits neatly onto the steering column of any other Ford. Similarly, in the Hatchery, human beings are standardized by the production of thousands of brothers and sisters in multiple groups of identical twins using the Bokanovsky and Podsnap Processes. - The lower castes are more subject to these forces of anonymity and mechanization. Members of the higher castes are decanted one by one, without any artificial intervention. Thus the higher castes retain at least some level of the individuality and creativity that is denied completely to the lower castes. Chapter 2 - Condition lower class infants with shock/fear/paini.e. delta class babies were shocked if they pleasured books/flowers (forcibly made to dislike books = less intellectual as other classes) makes them more productive in economy and stable - References to sexual reproduction, including words like mother and father, are now considered pornographic. In the World State, people only use such words in clinical discussions. - Hypnopaedia, the Director concludes, is “the greatest moralizing and socializing force of all time.”not for intellectual training (i.e. don’t understand certain ideas) makes moralizing the masses easier than religion and more effective - Conditioning, combined with prenatal treatment, creates individuals without individuality: each one is programmed to behave exactly like the next. This system allows for social stability, economic productivity within narrow constraints, and a society dominated by unthinking obedience and infantile behavior. - World State citizens serve the interests of production and, therefore, the interests of the whole economy and society, by consuming transportation and expensive sporting equipment. Any opportunity for individual, idiosyncratic behavior that might not feed the economy is eliminated. Chapter 3 - Conditioning infants to be used to sexual environments, sexuality, and such so that in the future they won’t be sexually repressed = more freedom (which lead to psychological negativity) - Mustapha Mond: life before the world state was unstablesays even though there are tight policies regarding over reproduction, child nurturing, and other social relations, the deterioration of strong emotions within familial relations, sexual repression, and delayed satisfaction of desire all goes against the prosperity and stability of the people(s) - Prior to establishment of the World State, all of the previous state characteristics led to war, disease, civil disobedience = death and suffering - Six years of pharmaceutical research yielded soma, the perfect drug. The problem of old age was solved, and people could now retain the mental and physical character of youth throughout life maintain same level as production forever - Unthinkable sexual things that were previously immoral, were now discarded from society - the World State controls the behavior of its members through the forces of social conformity and social criticism. - Adults are always under surveillance, except for when they’re sleeping = disallow immorality, which is good to maintain the safety of others while keeping the tradition - Mond: the pre-World State society was more focused on the personal level or realm, rather than the public realman individual is more concerned with their own well-being as well as their family= conflict between the good of all people/stateworld state introduced som
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