Textbook Notes (367,976)
Canada (161,540)
York University (12,784)
Humanities (168)
HUMA 2105 (6)
Chapter 1

Notes - MacKay Chapter 1

4 Pages
69 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 2105
Professor
Sarah Blake
Semester
Fall

Description
 Written sources are in 2 categories  1 – official documents nd  2 literary evidence  Later 3 C. Roans began to write literature (texts with self-conscious artistic aim in mind) under influence of Greek literature  Rome wrote of its history, and Greeks did as their power rose in the Mediterranean  Validity accessed with information to writers and methods to convey it  Access to their sources is lost  Evidence shows it would have been difficult to understand  Did not use primary documents  Supposedly oral traditions with the odd stray document  „Annalas Maximi‟ – Chronology surviving from pre-literacy period, was an influence on early Roman historians  Register of annual events kept by the head of Roman board of priests „pontifex Maximus‟  Whitewash boards on display near his public office  When something worth recording occurred, it was listed under the date it occurred  No passage of laws or decrees of the senate were listed  It ceased around 130 B.C  Information was copied down in more manageable form, and eventually compiled into 80 books  It included records going back to the foundation of the city (The Republic began around book 11)  Information on the foundation must have been fabricated on an unknown basis  Earliest authors of Latin annuals were probably „magistrates‟  Anachronistically transferred current concerns into the past  Later historians main aim in writing was to entertain (armchair historians)by fabricating, twisting, exaggerating  Livy used their work as sources, it is difficult to distinguish fact from fiction in his narrative  Expansion of the history of the Early Republic  Earliest and recent history is treated at length, the early Republic is not  This imbalance was likely “fixed” with fiction  Early history was concerned on great public events, interpreted through actions of the highest political leaders  Historians shaped material according to some moral or educational purposes  1 C. B.C „antiquarian‟ – research attempting to explain primitive practices and ceremonies whose significance is no longer clear (Romans were conservative) rd  Literary tradition continuing until the 3 century is subject to doubts  Chronology for foundation of the Republic is more reliable  The period of Kingdom and Early Republic are dubious  Written and physical remain have incompatible facts, with written remains validity being doubtful  1 half of the 1 millennium B.C. show signs of small settlements of the Latins people  Location names indicate the peninsula was at some point occupied by those of a non- Indo-European language  Probably the Bakans or central Europeans  In North West Italy during the iron age the dead were cremated and their ashes buried – Villanovan culture  This was widespread in central Europe and introduced to Italy in the late Bronze Age  Indicates either borrowing or migration  The 12 C. Iron Age can be divided into 4 phases, phases II and IV can subdivided into A and B  Arbitrary dating for these dates  Greek pottery provides a chronology, but it appears in the IV phase, with imitations during the III phase  Phase I: few urns, though to begin in the late Porto-Villanovan, placed around 1000  Phase II: 2 areas of burials found in Rome are similar, but distinct  They are thought to be of 2 groups, but likely the 2 is of a later group  Excavations at Gabii show 2 cemeteries (show no social & economic distinctions) of separated family groups  Phase III: Olive oil and wine production begins, the pottery wheel comes about  There is a clear distinction of tombs on the basis of wealth  Increase in size of cities and economic advancement/specializa
More Less

Related notes for HUMA 2105

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit