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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 2105
Professor
Sarah Blake
Semester
Winter

Description
Beatus ille  The man, in this poem, follows a simple Roman life, adhering to traditions of the past: working his father’s fields, with his own oxen  He is a soldier, not aroused to revolt (he is a veteran that Augustus provided with land, and bounty)  He doesn’t fear the unknown – the sea  Doesn’t concern himself with the Forum, leaving politics to those who have a passion for, and are experienced and intelligent in that public domain  Avoiding the Forum, since he doesn’t belong to that world  Again alluding to him being a farmer: talking about wine grapes, wedding trees  In addition to this he has herds of cattle – indicates he is not necessarily poor, and does this work out of pleasure, rather than choice  Natural imagery dominates the last section of the poem  “challenge any purple dye” – again reaffirms his distaste for politics, preferring to handle purple grapes instead of a dyed toga  To give to Priapus (god of male fertility), and Silvanus (god of agriculture, nature)  He cares for a simple, rustic life, characterised by love (his work, since there seems to be no mention of a women in the poem, and he is going about performing household tasks a women would have done)  In the end, just to lie in solidarity, enjoying the both the complex and simple beauties of nature, are what is ideal, and desired (indicated by the heavy personification) Quo, quo, scelesti ruitis?  This poem is about Rome, and how it is characterized by violence, destruction, and death  Even in times of peace, with no aggression presented towards itself, it seems Rome, the nation drenched in blood that it is, will actively seek war  “Perhaps too little Latin blood has poured upon the plains…so that Rome might fall by Roman hands” – Refers to civil war, the worst possible outcome that could befall Rome, and yet it always seems to arise  When asked, what external factor could be behind this, silence and sock dominate the minds of Romans  This bafflement exists because violence was never something brought to Rome, but rather something that created it  The crime of fratricide, committed to Romulus against Remus, is what started the cycle of violence that Rome is known for, leaving all future generations cursed to this inevitable future – Mad men running about killing each other off, for no justifiable reason Nunc est bibendum  This poem is about Cleopatra  Let our animalistic tendencies come to the surface, letting stoic Roman behaviour subside, in this act of celebration that must ensure, with her demise – “now we must beat the earth with unfette
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