KINE 1000 Chapter Notes -Episodic Memory, Lifesaving

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Sport, Pain and Disability
Men, Spinal Cord Injury, Memories and the Narrative Performance of Pain
By: Andre C. Sparks and Brett Smith
- Literature does not focus on the pain people with disabilities have experienced
- Best disagrees with the belief that pain is a social construct
oPain is not just an experience that exists as we talk about but is a biological reality
- Leder says pain is a sensory intensification of a body part
oUnique feeling that puts focus on itself over other sensations
It hurts
-Though Best states that pain is greater that its narrative, it is the narrative (social
construct) that helps people to understand the experience of pain
- Leder: “pain is a manner of being-in-the-world”
oNarrative = linked to this process
- Article: studies 14 men who suffered spinal cord injuries (SCI) playing rugby and
became disable as a result
oFocus on how they narrate their experience of pain (memories)
oWhite, straight males born in the UK
oData has been analyzed in various ways
oFocus on “initial acute phase of rehab” (right after injury happened)
Ex: fracture stabilization, introduction of a catheter to bladder, etc.
Where dramatic life-saving measures were taken
Excruciating pain is experienced at this time
About 6 months after the initial injury nerve fibers within or
around the spinal cord begin to fail transmitting pain until the
individual becomes almost entirely pain free
Autobiographical Memories of Pain
- Focus:
oMemories of pain when the inhabited a new body
oHow they felt about their body
oHow they dealt with it during rehab
- Using semantic memory: conceptual and factual knowledge
- Also episodic memory: (autobiographical) chronologically sequences significant events
in life – dynamic representation of a memory
oSocially/culturally constructed, story-telling about past experiences
Not fact but a partial, selective weaving of events, people and feelings not
necessarily connected as they were in life
Therefore, best taken with a grain of salt
Unspeakable Pain
- All participants of the study experienced neuropathic pain
oCaused by damage to the nervous system (ex: spinal cord)
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