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Chapter

KINE 1020 Chapter Notes -Iliac Crest, Physical Fitness, Anthropometry


Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course Code
KINE 1020
Professor
Jennifer Kuk

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KINE 1020 – Lab Notes
Overview – Physical Fitness
- Depends on the individual
oHeredity, environment, lifestyle
Make up a physical state of well being
- Divided into 3 components:
oAnthropometry
Skeletal. Muscular, skinfolds, composition
oMusculoskeletal
Balance, flexibility, agility, strength, power, muscular endurance
oCardiovascular-respiratory
Aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness
Definitions
- Physical fitness:
oThe capacity to live an optimal life
oA functional quality of well-being that is influenced by, and associated with,
participation in physical activity
oThe ability to perform muscular work satisfactorily
Determined by the level of cardiovascular-respiratory endurance, muscular
strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition
- Health-related fitness: those components of fitness that exhibit a relationship with health
status
- Performance related fitness: those components of fitness that enable optimal work/sport
performance
-Physiological fitness: both physical fitness and the biological indicators that exhibit a
relationship with health status and which are defined by the level of physical activity
oEx: blood pressure, glucose tolerance, the blood liquid profile
Lab 1 – Exercise Screening, Lifestyle Evaluation, Physical Activity Participation Evaluation &
Anthropometry
Screening for Exercise Participation and Informed Consent:
- The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)
oSelf-administered test to see if you are at risk if you increase your physical
activity levels
Applies to a small number of people below the age of 69
People above 70 should check with their doctors before increasing their
physical activity
oValid for up to 12 months
Becomes invalid if your health changes and you answer “yes” to any of
the 7 questions
Consult a doctor before resuming rigorous PA
oMay administer the:

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Physical Activity Readiness Medical Examinations
(PARmed-X) – if you answered YES to any
question
PARmed-X for Pregnancy – for pregnant women
who want to become active
- Informed Consent
oParticipants must be told the risks of doing any proposed fitness activity
oShould be given an informed consent form
Describes activity, warns of risks, space where participant can indicate
that they understand (by signing)
Is short and easy to read, applies to all activities available, states the
fitness professionals responsibilities and limitations
Is NOT a waiver, leaves the right to sue if they want to
Lifestyle & PA Participation Assessment:
- Healthy Lifestyle Assessment
oPoor lifestyle habits = linked to diseases like heart disease, stroke, cancer,
diabetes, etc.
Ex: high fat diets, smoking (tobacco), excessive alcohol consumption
oLifestyle inventories are available to assess an individual’s health
Ex: the fancy Personal Wellness Profile (PWP) or the simple
FANTASTIC Lifestyle Checklist
- Healthy PA Participation
oExplains the benefits of PA even without evident changes in fitness
Anthropometric and Skinfold Measurements
- Ex: weight, height, body fat
- For measuring body fat: skinfold
oReflects amount of fat under the skin measured in mm using a skinfold caliper
oMeasurements should be taken on the right side of the body
oSkeletal measurements: weight, height, hip/shoulder/elbow width, ankle/wrist
circumference, chest depth
oMuscular measurements: thigh circumference, gluteal/hip circumference, biceps
circumference, waist circumference
oSkinfold measurements: chest (males), umbilical, front thigh, biceps = front;
triceps, sub-scapula, rear thigh (females) = back; medial calf, iliac crest = side
- Can determine your body frame by measuring the width of your elbow
Lab 2 – Body Weight Evaluation & Fitness Training Considerations
Evaluation of Body Weight, Adiposity and Fat Distribution
-Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness & Lifestyle Approach (CPAFLA)
oBody fat predicting equations are not universally applicable
Other factors should be considered like gender and age
oCPAFLA considers 3 indicators when assessing body weight, adiposity and fat
distribution
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