Textbook Notes (362,842)
Canada (158,078)
York University (12,350)
KINE 1000 (84)
Chapter all

KINE 1000 Chapter : KINE 1000 Lecture : Kine 1000 Winter COMPLETE Reading Summaries 2014.docx

13 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1000
Yuka Nakamura

Kine 1000 Complete WINTER Reading Summaries Sex and Gender The egg and the sperm Thesis: - Culture, specifically culturally constructed gender norms/stereotypes, shape how biological scientists describe what they discover about the natural world Purpose: - To shine light on the gender stereotypes are hidden within the scientific language of biology - To demystify and change these stereotypical (and harmful) accounts Egg and Sperm: A Scientific Fairy Tale - Egg: Passive/unproductive/penetrated, dependent/interdependent, damsel in distress, Fragile/degenerative/wasteful, Large - Sperm: Aggressive, takes charge and penetrates, strong/powerful/productive, effective and efficient, independent/locates the egg - Women: Passive, follower, emotional, weak, physical - Men: Aggressive, leader, strong, rational, intellectual New Research / Old Imagery Egg: - Not passive/unproductive/penetrated, active, dependent/interdependent, traps the sperm, aggressive (“Sperm catcher”) Sperm: - Passive, strongest tendency is to escape, weak, ineffective (wiggles), interdependent *Use of gender stereotyping remained* Sex and Gender - The social implications of using culturally constructed language in biological accounts of fertilization (egg/sperm interaction). o Assuming how women and men are, that’s how the sperm and egg cells are as well o Major implications (consequences) – by imprinting gender stereotypes onto the cells of men and women, that it naturalizes gender difference at the level of biology which normalizes the dichotomy in behaviour and attributes between men and women o Men tend to be more privileged than women o Social Norms (Gender norms and stereotypes)  Inform the biology  Social Norms o Page 163 / 166 - It is possible to conceptualize biological description of the egg and sperm in non- gendered ways given how embedded gender is in our lives and in our language? o Very deeply embedded in society, starting from when you are born o Begin to think about the ways your gendered and the subtle ways that you reproduce gender, in language, in behaviour Sexuality and Heteronormativity Sexuality and Heteronormativity - Hetero-normativity o Assumes that:  People fall into distinct and complementary genders (man and woman)  Gender roles are distinct and natural  Heterosexuality is the only (normal) sexual orientation - Hetero-sexist thinking: o Normalizes heterosexuality o Assumes that:  Everyone sees sexuality in the same way.  That homosexuality and trans-sexuality are “deviant” or abnormal - Normative Masculinity (Hegemonic masculinity) o Dominant form of masculinity (mirrors patriarchal society) o Celebrated characteristics:  Aggression  Competition  Accumulation of Wealth - Sexual Regulation: o Sexuality is highly regulated by social codes which constitute our morality o Morality is shaped by politics, history and economics o Sexuality is regularly policed/regulated  By self and others Thesis: - Hetero-normative ideals are both produce and reproduced through high-performance sport, whereby sex and sexuality are heavily policed (i.e. sexual regulation) Theoretical Foundation - Foucault: o Theory of Power  We fear difference and privilege sameness  Set-up and police boundaries between good (normal) and bad (abnormal / deviant) o Theory of power applied to sexuality  Sexuality is not natural or given  Sexuality is something that is taught in pursuit of sameness  People comply because of surveillance or policing (ex. Esera Tualo) • Surveillance of others • Surveillance of self o Policing this line of normal and trying to get others to conform is one of the most important means in which power is maintained Sport, Violence and Pain “Men, spinal cord injury, memories and narrative performance of pain” Purpose: - Address the dearth of scholarship around how autobiographical memory and narrative combine with the corporeal body to shape experiences of pain over time and in different contexts Thesis: Pain is a bio-social phenomena (Pain is real, exists in body) (The ways in which we speak, remember and tell it, language to articulate pain is a function of social construction) Methods: - Qualitative Research o Study Sample: 14 men (initial acute phase of rehabilitation) o Narrative Approach  Men’s memories of pain when they inhabited a particular kind of body  How they felt about this  How they dealt with it during their time in rehab Themes: Unspeakable Pain, Naming Pain, Welcomed Pain, Hidden Pain, Locked in Pain Conclusion: Pain in the body is very real. However, how we express (or fail to express) this pain is linked to how we understand our bodies, the concept of pain, and how we should react to pain (heavily gendered), Socialization, Sport (Culture of Sport) “Offensive Play” Question: - What was the purpose of the anecdote around dogfighting? How does this relate to brain injury in the NFL? - “Gameness” Charles Barkley: “This is a game that, if you lose, you go home and beat your wife and kids.” Joe Paterno: “I am going home to beat my wife” Race and Racism, Part 1: Successes and Failures of Multiculturalism ‘I Feel Like a Trine’: Narrative of a  Generation­and­a­Half Canadian Thesis: Carl E. James analyzes how Mark, a generation and a half Canadian distinguishes himself between Canada and Trinidad by the values, roots and how life is seen through the eyes of Mark. Purpose: To analyze why Mark, even though he is a Canadian citizen, does not call himself a Canadian. Key Concepts, Ideas: - Mark could not be considered Canadian because he’s from Trinidad, and his values, perspective on life and education were ‘different’ - Understanding how young black Caribbean young people constructed, understood and articulated their Canadian identity and belonging - Mark: Canada provided education and athletics. Trinidad provided foundation for values, confidence and aspirations - Mark moved to be with his mother and a better future - Canada and Trinidad constituted Mark’s two homes - Mark couldn’t relate to other students in the school system because they were either white, born here or have been here for a really long time, and he’s a black Caribbean. Teachers looked out for him, coaches pushed him, black teachers provided support - School first, sport second - Accepted scholarship to ‘large school’ in Canada (university) - Small school = unrespectable degree - Risk of going to American university is too high for a sports scholarship - Very cautious approaching athletic, educational and career ambitions because of generation-and-a-half Caribbean Canadian - Participated in Argentina Pan Am Games for Trinidad because of funding, however he would still run for Trinidad if Canada had same finances because he clings onto roots - Racism doesn’t affect him in sports. Skin color is not a factor in sport according to Mark - Maintained Trinidadian culture over seven years in Canada - ‘You can’t beat destiny’ Conclusions: - Canada gave good grounding, education, opportunities in sport. Trinidad provided discipline, respect and politeness – Canadian peers lacked - Doesn’t identify himself as Canadian because he doesn’t want to become one - Double-consciousness  Looking at yourself in eyes of others, “feeling ‘American, a negro’; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body” - Mark  Double-consciousness  Two places where he was ‘defined’, Canada and Trinidad - Trinidadian roots and Canadian existence Race and Racism, Part 2: Lived Experiences of Discrimination Making Chinese-Canadian Masculinities in Vancouver’s Physical Education Curriculum - Two guiding problems o Dearth of research that considers how historical forms of racism persist in contemporary physical education in Canada o There is a significant gap between PE school policies and the racism that takes place in the everyday practices of the PE curriculum - Purpose: o Tease out the long standing and complex patterns of “Power at play” in intersection of race (and class) and masculinity in PE - Thesis: o Informed by a long history of racism in Canada, Chinese Canadian boys continue to be subjected to subtle racist understandings of Chinese masculinities which are often camouflaged by the dominant national rhetoric of multiculturalism  Long history of racism constructed types of masculinities for Chinese Canadians and one that is built on a foundation of racism and we turn a blind eye because the dominant rhetoric is multicultural. We don’t expect assimilation, we embrace difference  While things have gotten better over time
More Less

Related notes for KINE 1000

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.