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KINE 3340 (20)
Chapter 18

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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 3340
Nickolas Wattie

Chapter 18 AssessmentTests are often too difficult too time consuming and too expensive to administer but there are many valid assessment instruments that teachers in school and nonschool settings can feasibly administerMany teachers do not fully understand the role of assessment and do not know how to select and administer testsGuidelines for AssessmentSeven important questions to ask before you begin assessing1Why do you want to assess your students2What variables do you plan to asses3Which tests purport to assess the important variables that you identified4How will you prepare yourself for collecting the data5Do you have the statistical skills to interpret the assessment data6Will you be conducting an informal or a formal assessment7How and with whom will you share the assessment resultsWhy assess Screeningprocess whereby people are assessed to determine whether they should be referred for further testing or whether they need special program of instructionProgram contentassessment results can be used to help plan the content of a programStudent progresshow well students are proceeding toward course objectivesProgram evaluationdetermine whether a specific program of instruction is fostering their motor skill or physical fitness developmentClassification placing students in homogeneous or heterogeneous groupsWhat Variables to AssessOnce you determine why you need to assess you will want to determine which variables to assessSelecting the Best TestTo select the best test review all available tests that purport to assess the variables in questionTo help ask these questions1Is test statistically valid reliable and objective2If the test is normreferenced are the norms established on a population similar to the one you plan to assess3Is the test instrument feasible to administer4Do you have the training and expertise to administer the test as well as interpret the resultsCharacteristics of Ideal TestsA valid test measures what it claims to measureContent validity the instrument contains tasks that measure specific content of interestConsistency of test results is another important characteristic of a good testA test is reliable if student scores do not significantly vary from day to day assuming the students have not received additional instructionTest reliability the test scores freedom from errorObjectivity is the degree of accuracy to which a test is scoredContent validity is determined subjectively reliability and objectivity are determined statisticallyStatistical determination is possible by computing correlation coefficient for two sets of scoresCaution Norms are PopulationSpecificNorms describe how large groups of people score in regard to selected variablesBecause one large group can differ from another large group in regard to a variable of interest norms are populationspecificTest FeasibilityDetermine which test is most feasible to administer1Which test can be administered in the least amount of time
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