Textbook Notes (368,666)
Canada (162,055)
York University (12,867)
KINE 4020 (29)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course
KINE 4020
Professor
Roger Kelton
Semester
Winter

Description
Enriched Instructors Manual to Accompany Understanding Nutrition First Canadian Edition 101Chapter 10Nutrients for Energy MetabolismIFNOTHINGELSEMYSTUDENTSSHOULDLEARN1ThestructuresandfunctionsofvitaminsdifferfromtheenergyyieldingnutrientsVitaminsaremuchsmallerinsizeanddonotyieldenergyTheyassisttheenzymesthatreleaseenergy2ThewatersolublevitaminsareneededinfrequentsmallamountsThefatsolublevitaminsareimportantingrowthandmaintenanceofthebody3VitamindeficienciesandtoxicitiespresentproblemsToxicitiesarepossibleespeciallywhensupplementsareused4ThatthereareeightdifferentBvitaminswhichcarryoutdifferentfunctionsrelatedtothesupportofenergymetabolismLEARNINGOBJECTIVESStudentsshouldbeabletoLO101ListthefatsolubleandwatersolublevitaminsanddescribehowsolubilityaffectstheabsorptiontransportandexcretionofeachtypeRememberUnderstandLO102OutlinethemineralspresentinthehumanbodyandwhichonesappearingreateramountsRememberUnderstandLO103DiscusstherolesofBvitaminsinbodytissuesandexplaininageneralwayhowtheBvitaminsassistwithenergymetabolismUnderstandApplyLO104OutlinetheindividualBvitaminstheireffectsinthebodyandproblemsassociatedwithunderoverconsumptionthatmayleadtodeficiencyortoxicityconditionsUnderstandRememberLO105SuggestfoodsthatcanhelptoensureadequateBvitaminintakewithoutprovidingtoomanycaloriesUnderstandApplyLO106ListthedifferentvitaminlikecompoundsiecholineinositolandcarnitineandtheireffectsonthebodyUnderstandApplyCopyright2013 by Nelson Education LtdEnriched Instructors Manual to Accompany Understanding Nutrition First Canadian Edition 102LO107OutlinetheroleofsulphuriodinemanganeseandchromiuminenergymetabolismproblemsassociatedwithdeficiencytoxicityandfoodsourcesofthesemineralsUnderstandRememberLO108DiscusstheargumentsforandagainsttheuseofvitaminsupplementsUnderstandApplyWHYISTHISCHAPTERIMPORTANTTOSCIENTISTSANDHEALTHCAREPRACTITIONERSOfspecialinteresttosymbolkeyHealthCarePractitionersScienceMajorsAsthischapterpresentsanoverviewofvitaminsandtheirfunctionsthehealthcarepractitionerwillbeinterestedinthisbasicinformationsothattheirpatientscanbebettereducatedonthemythsandtruthsregardingvitaminsupplementationWithrespecttovitaminbioavailabilityietheextenttowhichingestedvitaminsareabsorbedbythebodyoutofthedigestivetractscientistshaveanalyzedvariousfoodsourcesandpublishedthebioavailabilityofthecontainedvitaminsintablesforconvenientreferenceThereissomeresearchtosupportthefindingthatvitaminBsupplementationfolatevitaminBandvitaminBlowerscirculatinglevelsofhomocysteine612andreducestheriskofheartdiseaseHowevermoreresearchisneededtoconfirmthisbenefitofVitaminBsupplementationHealthcarepractitionersshouldbeawareoftheproblemsassociatedwithvitaminBdeficienciesortoxicitiesProblemssuchasberiberiariboflavinosispellagraandneuraltubedefectsinthedevelopingfetusareknowntoresultfromvariousBvitamindeficienciesAlthoughtheBvitaminsarewatersolubleandcarrysmallriskoftoxicitytakingexcessiveamountsofniacinfolateandvitaminBcanleadtothedevelopmentofvarioussymptoms6TheuseofvariousnonvitaminsupplementsiecholineinositolandcarnitinebypeopletogainaddedhealthbenefitsshouldbedonesowithknowledgeoftheirbenefitsandrisksThehealthcarepractitionerisinapositiontoappropriatelyadvisepatientsregardingtheuseofsuchproducts2
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