Chapter 3: Moral Analysis and Legal Requirements
Question: How do we find an equitable, fairtoall balance between financial performance
and social performance when faced with those conditions then how do we logically
convince others to both understand and accept that balance?
Hobbes proposed that men and women were supposed to obey the law and it was up to
the government authority to set the law. Even if they do not like the law, you have to
accept them. If humans continue to look over their selfinterests, the result will be chaos
• Equal Ability: there is equality in ambition, therefore, there is a struggle for
everyone to acquire material wealth and personal safety
• Continual War: as individual struggles continue this leads to war
• Depressed Economy: if every man only looks out for themselves, there is a lack
• Proposed Solution: to stop this continual cycle, Hobbes says it is necessary to
look at the “Natural Laws”
o Men who seek to gain benefits will be in continual war will use all their
means available to them
o In order for peace to be established, men must surrender their rights to a
Social Contract: all laws should reflect what people living in a state of nature would
accept as the governing rules of society. It lacks knowledge of selfinterests.
• It is the way society should theoretically distribute all resources because it is the
way that has been determined to be best for all when we are all equal in position
• Veil of Ignorance: an advantage of the Social Contract that forces people to think
about issues from different perspectives (which represents the interests of the full
• The primacy of community is the reason why legal requirements exist and can be
applied in moral analysis.
Law: consistent set of universal rules that are widely published, generally accepted and
usually enforced. Defines what you theoretically must do.