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NATS 1700 (42)
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Work by Sara Baese.docx

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Natural Science
NATS 1700
Dov Lungu

Work by Sara Baese  Computers in workplace generated many fears o Fear of mass unemployment due to increased efficiency  Some argued it decreased efficiency b/c teaching computer skill was a heavy burden  An example of unemployment through technology is offshoring  Through computers & communication people work from a distance of their office or factory, telecommunicating.  Through history people have destroyed avenues through which they can loose jobs, like sewing machines, looms, assembly lines 7 etc. During 1990s newspaper headlines were filled with layoffs & corporate "downsizing.   Numerous examples of how technology took over in various industries such as, railroad, utilities, typewriters, banks & etc.  Goals of technology include a reduction in the resources needed to accomplish a result & an increase in productivity & standard of living.  In all circumstances companies lost human resource, but increased productivity.  During recession of 2001, overall productivity continued to increase at much higher rate than in prev. recessions, economists credited microprocessors & increased investment in technology.  Although technology took away jobs, it created new jobs according to the new technology.  These new jobs are usually created in design, marketing, manufacture, sales, customer service, repair & maintenance, which in turn create support jobs like, receptionists, janitors & stock clerks.  Many new jobs created by computer technology are ones not imagined or possible before.  There's a surplus of job usually each year, but that requires people to change, which people don't adapt easily & it's pretty devastating for them. So many companies & non-profit organizations set up programs to make it easy for people to take on the change.  Long-term social gain is no interested to someone who JUST GOT FIRED  People think unemployment is because of technology, but it’s not! There’s many other factors: Federal funding in areas decline, Tax & regulatory policies are costly, Demographics change & etc…..  Differences in employement have to do more with flexibility in economies & other political, social & economical factor  OECD report says history shows when technology progresses, so does growth, living standards & employment  Employees can now work less amount of time & earn the same amount of money to get food & luxuries  Improvements in product quality & comfort due to technology  Since Industrial revolution working hours declined, but at the same time some say it increased because they consider life style now possible to essential, tax dept. encourage corps. To make worker work overtime rather than get new workers & taxes take larger portion of incomes now rather than in the past  If we are earning less its b/c of social, political & economic factors & as well as technology  Computers eliminate much wider variety of jobs than any other single tech. in past  Pace of improvement in speed, capability & cost for comps is much faster  People had to improve skills
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