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Canada (161,660)
York University (12,802)
NATS 1775 (19)
Vera Pavri (19)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 NATS 1775

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Department
Natural Science
Course
NATS 1775
Professor
Vera Pavri
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 1 NATS 1945 Technology • The term technology dates back as far as the 17 century. th • Jacob Bigelow (1831) equated technology to inventions and creations. Theories of Technological Development i) Technological Determinism (TDE) • Technological determinism is a viewpoint that regards tech as the prime agent of social and organizational change. • Tech is seen as an independent entity that changes and shapes society. • Humans have no control over a tech once it has been built. • TDE offers a linear account of tech development that is inherently progressive. • The idea that TDE is the cause of social, political, economic, and cultural change is the central element in determinist theories. • Therefore tech is the ``driving force of history``. • Criticized for simplifying what is a far more complex relationship between tech and society. • Critics argue that determinists place technology outside society and neglect to account for the human factor in technological innovation. • TDE is also universalistic, because it does not account for the fact that tech development, innovation, and uses varies with different cultures and groups ii) Technology as Applied Science • Tech as an applied science refers to the idea that technology is driven by scientific discovery. • The theory works wi
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