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Chapter 3

NURS 3515 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Critical Reading, Critical Thinking


Department
Nursing
Course Code
NURS 3515
Professor
Iris
Chapter
3

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NURS 3515
Chapter 3
Critical Thinking and Critical Reading Skills
critically evaluating research articles requires both critical thinking skills and critical
reading skills.
Critical thinking: is the rational examination of ideas, inferences, assumptions, principles,
arguments, conclusions, issues, statements, beliefs, and actions
o being a critical thinker means that you are consciously thinking about your own thoughts
and what you say, write, read, or do, as well as what other people say, write, or do.
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o you are also questioning the appropriateness of the content, applying standards or criteria,
and seeing how the information measures up.
Critical reading: is “an active, intellectually engaging process in which the reader participates
in an inner dialogue with the writer”
o critical reader actively looks for assumptions (accepted truths), key concepts and ideas,
reasons and justifications, supporting examples, parallel experiences, implications and
consequences, and other features of the text to interpret and assess the text accurately and
fairly
Critical reading is a process that involves 4 levels of understanding and allows you to critically
assess a study's validity:
1. Preliminary: familiarizing yourself with the content (skimming the article)
2. Comprehensive: understanding the researcher's purpose or intent
3. Analysis: understanding the parts of the study
4. Synthesis: understanding the whole article and each step of the research process in a
study
Strategies for Critiquing Research Studies
Critique: an objective and critically evaluation of a research report's content for scientific validity
or merit and application to practice.
o requires some knowledge of the subject matter, knowledge of how to read critically and
use critiquing criteria.
o Critiquing criteria are the standards, appraisal guides, or questions used to judge (assess)
an article.
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