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Reading 2-Deontology.docx


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2075
Professor
Duff Waring

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PHIL 2075 Sept. 17
Reading 2
Deontology
Introduction
- Deontology contrast with consequentialism in the following ways
oAid for loved ones even if that wont produce the most good
oLimits on what we do to produce good
Classification
-Options
oThere is a point when someone has done all that they are required to do, at
this point someone has the option to either do more or decline that notion
oPeople going above and beyond required morals and create extra sacrifice
for themselves define supererogatory, and act consequentialism leaves no
room for supererogatory
oDeontologist don’t deny that morality is demanding, since they may be
obliged to make significant sacrifices in order to keep a promise or breach
a serious constraint
-Duties of Special Relationship
oNot only are we permitted to do more for those who are close to us, but we
are often required to put their interests first
oExample: our own children should not be neglected of wants even though
other children would be slightly neglected
-Constraints
oWe have a duty to avoid harming anyone unless they are a threat or
deserve to be punished
oWe should not lie, kill innocent people or torture
oThese constraints are not to be done even if they are in pursuit of good,
also may be scene as absolute however all constraints may be breached
based on exceptions such as catastrophe
-Distinguishing Deontology from Act Consequentialism
o(Ross) There are considerations which fall under the three headings
(Constraints, Special Relationships and Options)
Fidelity to promises and commitment
Gratitude
Reparation
Avoiding harm to others
Act Consequentialism Deontology
- Good determines the right, the
rightness of an act is determined by
the amount of good it produces
- Under ideal conditions,
consequentialists should never
produce less good then they can
- Act consequentialism is to
simplified, there are many other
things to take into account such as
options, special relationships and
constraints
- Sometimes we are required to
produce less good
-Agent-Relativity and Agent-Neutrality
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