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Reading 3-Virtue Ethics.docx


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2075
Professor
Duff Waring

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PHIL 2075 Sept. 19
Reading 3
Virtue Theory
Introduction
-Virtue Ethics is a technical term in contemporary western analytical moral
philosophy which is used to distinguish a normative ethical theory focused on the
virtues, or moral character
- A virtue ethicist would help someone with emphasis of the idea that they helped
in order to be charitable or benevolent
- There are Perfections of Character and Confucianism
oPerfections of Character include:
Forbearance
Self-restraint
Contentment
Compassion
Generosity
Mildness
Courage
Mediation and wisdom
oConfucianism includes: character traits that typify the good or noble
person and a focus on the good or worthwhile life
Humanity/benevolence/compassion
Wisdom
Righteousness
Courage
Trustworthiness
Filial piety
Actin in accordance to propriety
Emergence of Modern Virtue Ethics
- It was not until recently (1980’s) that Virtue Ethics had begun to be recognized
as a main theory of ethics
- This is based on the fact that Aristotle was the main thinker behind the idea, who’s
ideas came from the thought that thoughts could be taken on all different aspects
which was foreign to modern analytical philosophy
-Moral Philosophy:
oMoral education
oMoral wisdom
oFriendship and family relationships
oRich concept of happiness
oMoral significance of emotion
Aristotles Ethics
- Aristotle creates a sense of the good life or happiness called Eudaimonia, which
is a target to pass our moral dilemmas and become what we want to become
morally and ethically as a person
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