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Chapter 13

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Chapter 13- Stress, Coping, and Health  The biopsychosocial model holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors. The Nature of Stress  Stress as any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one’s well- being and that thereby tax one’s coping abilities. Major Types of Stress  Acute stressors are threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear end point.  Chronic stressors are threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily apparent time limit.  Four major types of stress: frustration, conflict, change, and pressure. Frustration  Frustration occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted.  Failures and losses are two common kinds of frustration that are often highly stressful. Conflict  Conflict occurs when two or more incompatible motivations of behavioural impulses compete for expression.  In an approach-approach conflict, a choice must be made between two attractive goals.  In an avoidance-avoidance conflict, a choice must be made between two unattractive goals.  In an approach-avoidance conflict, a choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects.  Approach-avoidance conflicts often produce vacillation. That is, you go back and forth, beset by indecision. Change  Life changes are any noticeable alterations in one’s living circumstances that require readjustment.  Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) measures life change as a form of stress. T
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