PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Naturalistic Observation, Dependent And Independent Variables, Research

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PSYC 1010 Full Course Notes
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PSYC 1010 Full Course Notes
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Featured study: fear increasing sexual attraction emotions under specific conditions can be relabeled as other emotions. Hypothesis: statement about the relationship between 2 or more variables. Variables: any measurable conditions, events, characteristics, or behaviour controlled or observed in a study. Extraneous variables: any variables other than the independent variable the seem likely to influence the dependent variable in a specific study. Confounding of variables: occurs when two variables are linked together in a way that makes it difficult to sort out their specific effects. Random assignment:, of subjects occurs when all subjects have an equal chance of being assigned to any group or condition in the study. Naturalistic observation: a researcher engages in careful observation of behaviour without intervening directly with the research subjects or participants. Experimental studies: (most powerful research method to detect cause and effect relationships) Independent variable: (x) a condition or event manipulated by an experimenter in order to see its impact on the other variable.

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