Textbook Notes (367,753)
Canada (161,369)
York University (12,778)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 1010 (1,086)

PSYCH1010 Stress.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Stress, Coping, and Health The Nature of Stress STRESS: any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one’s well-being and that thereby tax one’s coping abilities Stress as an Everyday Event - Studies conducted in the aftermath of natural disasters typically find elevated rates of psychological problems and physical illness in the communities affected by disasters - According to Anisman and Merall, an individual’s response to a stressor is a function of a number of factors, including the type of stressor and its controllability, biological factors such as age and gender, and the individual’s previous experience with stress Appraisal: Stress Lies in the Eye of the Beholder - Anxious, neurotic people report more stress then others Major Types of Stress ACUTE STRESSORS: are threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint CHRONIC STRESSORS: threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily apparent time limit Frustration FRUSTRATION: occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted - Experienced when you want something but can’t have it - Can elicit anger and aggression - Most frustrations are brief and insignificant - Failures and losses are 2 common kinds of frustration that are often highly stressful - Losses can be extremely frustrating because people are deprived of something they’re accustomed to having Conflict CONFLICT: occurs when 2 or more incompatible motivations or behavioural impulses compete for expression - Sigmund Freud said that internal conflicts generate considerable psychological distress - Laura King and Robert Emmons found that higher levels of conflict were associated with higher levels of anxiety, depression, and physical symptoms - There are 3 types of conflicts: 1. Approach-Approach Conflict – a choice must be made between 2 attractive goals o This is the last stressful o Typically have a happy-ending, whichever way you decide to go 2. Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict – a choice must be made between 2 unattractive goals o The most unpleasant and highly stressful 3. Approach-Avoidance Conflict – a choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive goals o Common and quite stressful o Often produce vacillation (you go back and forth/indecisive) Change LIFE CHANGES: any noticeable alterations in one’s living circumstances that require readjustment - According to Holmes and Rahe, changes in personal relationships, changes at work, changes in finance, and so forth can be stressful even when the changes are welcomed - They developed the SRRS – Social Readjustment Rating Scale to measure life change as a form of stress - Studies have shown that people with higher scores n the SRRS scale tend to be more vulnerable to many kinds of physical illness and to many types of psychological problems as well Pressure PRESSURE: involves expectations or demands that one behave in a certain way - You are under pressure to preform when you’re expected to execute tasks and responsibilities quickly, efficiently, and successfully - Pressures to conform to other’s expectations are also common in our lives - Pressure has turned out to be more strongly related to measures of mental health than the SRRS and other established measures of stress - Studies of high school and post secondary students find that pressure is often self-imposed Responding to Stress Emotional Responses  Emotions Commonly Elicited - Common emotional responses to stress include: o Annoyance, anger and rage o Apprehension, anxiety and fear o Dejection, sadness and grief - Fredrickson found that the frequency of pleasant emotions
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1010

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.