PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Cognitive Dissonance, Social Loafing, Social Influence

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PSYC 1010 Full Course Notes
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PSYC 1010 Full Course Notes
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Conformity adjusting our behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard. Normative social influence -i(cid:374)flue(cid:374)(cid:272)e resulti(cid:374)g fro(cid:373) a perso(cid:374)"s desire to gai(cid:374) appro(cid:448)al or a(cid:448)oid disproval. Informational social influence influence resulting fro(cid:373) o(cid:374)e"s (cid:449)illi(cid:374)g(cid:374)ess to a(cid:272)(cid:272)ept others" opi(cid:374)io(cid:374)s about reality. Cognitive dissonance theory the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent. For example, when we become aware that our attitudes and our actions clash, we can result the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudes. Social facilitation improved performance on simple or well-learned tasks in the presence of others. Social loafing - the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts towards attaining a common goal than when individually accountable. Deindividuation -the loss of self awareness self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity. Group polarization the e(cid:374)ha(cid:374)(cid:272)e(cid:373)e(cid:374)ts of a group"s pre(cid:448)aili(cid:374)g i(cid:374)(cid:272)li(cid:374)atio(cid:374)s through dis(cid:272)ussio(cid:374) within the group.

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