PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 21: Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Antibody

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PSYC 1010 Full Course Notes
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PSYC 1010 Full Course Notes
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Module 21: basic learning concepts and classical condition. Learning: relatively durable change in behaviour or knowledge that is due to experience. Superstitions involve people repeating behaviour that they think will lead to a certain outcome (this is a type of operant conditioning) Phobias: irrational fears of specific objects or situations: often the result of classical conditioning. Conditioning: learning associations between events that occur in an organism"s environment: a specific kind of learning. Neutral stimulus (ns): a stimulus that does not evoke a conditioned response. Unconditioned stimulus (ucs): a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning. Unconditioned response (ucr): an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning) Conditioned stimulus (cs): a previously neutral stimulus (ns) that has, through conditioning, acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response. Ucr and cr are usually the same, but there could be subtle differences. Classically conditioned responses are known as conditioned reflexes (formerly psychic reflexes )

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