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Chapter 1

Ch. 1 - The Evolution of Psychology.docx

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York University
PSYC 1010
Jennifer Steeves

The Evolution of PsychologyOpeningShocking story girl bullied burnt killedTwo members of the seven prosecuted and sentenced life in jail Philosophy Physiology and PsychologyPsychology PsycheSoul logosStudy of a subjectHermann Von Helmholtz first experimenthuman reaction time Contributions of Wundt and HallWundt made psychology independent discipline rather than stepchild of philosophy or physiologyWundtFounder of PsychologyEstimated 54000 pages of books and articlesHall established first American research labFirst president of American Psychological Association Structuralism versus FunctionalismEdward Titchener Englishman emergered structuralismStructuralism was based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are relatedStructuralistWork in sensation and perception in vision hearing and touchExamination based on method of introspection the careful systematic selfobservation of ones own conscious experienceFunctionalism was based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness rather than its structureChief impetusWilliam James American scholarNatural Selection heritable characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be selected over timeStream of ConsciousnessFunctionalists are interested in how people adapt their behaviour to the demands of the real world around themEg Mental testing patterns of development in childrenMagaret Floy Washburn first woman in US PhD in psychologyLeta Hollingworth important worth on childrens studiesMary Whiton Calkins first woman to serve as president of APA Course as Behaviourism Makes Its DebutBehaviourism is a theoretical orientation based on the the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behaviour
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