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Psychology in Modules: Module 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis
Semester
Fall

Description
Module 1 The Story of Psychology Psychology is Born  December 1879 University of Leipzig, Germany, 2 graduate students and professor Wilhelm Wundt conducted the first psychology lab to measure "atoms of the mind" by having a ball hit a platform and have the participants press a key when hearing the sound.  Structuralism used introspection to define the minds makeup. Functionalism focused on how mental processes enable us to adapt, survive, flourish.  Edward Bradford Titchener aimed to discover mind's structural elements. Engaged people in "introspection" (looking inward) to receive their immediate thoughts when eating a certain food or hearing a sound. Results varied from person to person based on their intelligence and verbal ability.  Philosopher Psychologist William James (popular for his writings) thought to consider the evolved functions of thoughts and feelings. He tutored Mary Whiton Calkins who was denied her earned Ph.D. at Harvard.  Wundt and Titchener focused on inner sensations, images and feelings. James interested in introspective examination of the consciousness and of emotion.  "The Science on Mental Life" later changed in 1920 to "The scientific study of observable behaviour"  John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner - Behaviourists  Sigmund Freud's - Freudian Psychology (focused on our unconscious thought process and emotional responses to childhood experiences affecting our behaviour)  Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow - Humanistic Psychologists (Focused on ways current environmental influences can nurture or limit growth potential and on the importance of having our needs for love and acceptance satisfied  1960's - Cognitive Neuroscience - enriched our understanding of brain activity underlying mental activity. Has help to treat ourselves with disorders Contemporary Psychology  Debate over Nurture vs. Nature ongoing (twins ideal participants as they shed light on hereditary influences)  Greek Philosopher Plato assumed we inherit character and intelligence. Aristotle argued there is nothing in the mind that does not first come from external senses.  Charles Darwin (1831) argued that natural selection shapes behaviours as well as bodies  Natural Selection: process by which nature selects from chance variations the traits the best enable an organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.  Depression can be both a brain and thought disorder 3 Main Levels of Analysis: Biopsychosocial Approach (offers a more complete view than just one perspective could cover)
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