Module 41 Page 1
Abraham Maslow's Self-Actualizing Person
Humanistic Theories - view personality with a focus on the potential for healthy personal
Self-Actualization - according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises
after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the
motivation to fulfill one's potential.
Motivated by a hierarchy of needs
1970 Maslow studied healthy, creative people over clinical cases
Abraham Lincoln (known for rich productive lives) shared certain characteristics such
as... self-aware, self-accepting, open, spontaneous, loving, not paralyzed by other's
opinions, secure in their sense of who they are, interests are problem-centered over
self-centered, focused on energies over a certain task. Many had been moved by
personal Peak Experiences that surpasses ordinary consciousness.
Self-Transcendent - Beyond or above the range of normal or merely physical human
experience: "a transcendent level of knowledge".
Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Perspective
Agrees with Maslow that people are good and establish self-actualization tendencies as
long as the environment inhibits growth.
Growth Promoting Climate Requires 3 Things:
Genuineness: Genuine people are open with their own feelings, drop keeping up with
appearances (facades), easy to perceive and self-disclosing
Acceptance: Accepting people offer unconditional positive regard - an attitude of total
acceptance toward another