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Psychology in Modules: Module 45.docx

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Module 45 Page 1 Module 45 Anti-Social Relations Prejudice - an unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group and its members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action. Stereotypes - a generalized belief about a group of people Discrimination - unjustifiable negative behaviour toward a group and its members  As overt prejudice wanes, subtle prejudice lingers  People who say they would feel upset when hearing racial slurs actually respond indifferently when hearing them  Modern Prejudice - rejecting immigrant minorities as job applicants  Western Europe and the USA view Muslims as violent, while in Jordan, Turkey, Egypt & Britain they view Westerners as greedy and immoral  In Western countries we pay more for men who care for the streets than for women who care for their children. In Saudi Arabia, woman cannot drive.  Many places, sons are valued more than daughters. (In Ancient Greece female infants left out to die)  In China, gender genocide is now a criminal offence, 95% of Chinese orphanages are girls  With Caucasian parents there is no sex-ratio bias or with given a previous boy (for Asians)  Although studies show people feel more positively about women than about men Social Roots of Prejudice Social Inequities Just-World Phenomenon - the tendency for people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get Women naturally unassertive and sensitive? Making them great caretakers or slave "owners" perceive slaves as lazy, ignorant & irresponsible? Justifying enslaving them due to stereotypes. Higher crime rates can be used to justify discrimination against those who live in poverty as victims of discrimination may react with self-blame or anger. Us and Them: Ingroup & Outgroup  Through our social identities we associate ourselves with certain groups and contrast ourselves with others.  When encountering strangers evolution prepared us to make instant judgments, friend or foe?  We tend to like those who sound and look like us, drawing mental circle around "us" the Ingroup - people with whom we share social identity  Outgroup - "them" those perceives as different or apart from our ingroup Module 45 Page 2 Emotional Roots of Prejudice Scapegoat Theory - the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame  A decade after 9/11 anti-Muslim animosities still flared with mosque burnings  Scapegoat Theory evidently comes from economically frustrated people. Students who experience failure often restore self-esteem by disparaging a rival. To boost our own sense of status it helps to have others denigrate. In contrast, those who feel love and support become more open to others who differ  Children with the genetic disorder "Williams syndrome" display a lack of racial stereotypes and prejudice Cognitive Roots of Prejudice: Forming Categories Other-Race Effect - the tendency to recall faces of one's own race more accurately than faces of
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