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Psychology in Modules: Module 46.docx

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York University
PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Module 46 Page 1 Module 46 Prosocial Relations Attraction Proximity:  Geographic nearness a friends most powerful predictor  People are most inclined to like or even marry those who live in the same neighbourhood, sit by in class, work in the same office etc.  Mere Exposure Effect - the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them  Even more likely to marry someone whose first/last name resembles our own  A young Taiwanese man wrote 700 letters to his girlfriend urging her to marry him, who married the mail carrier instead Physical Attractiveness:  Predicts how often people date and how popular they feel.  Affects peoples initial impressions of peoples personalities; healthier, happier, more sensitive, more successful, more socially skilled  Less attractive people are more likely to perceive praise for their work as sincere (rather than an attractive person suspicious that the reaction is just towards their looks)  People with symmetrical faces and bodies are more sexually attractive Similarity: o Likely to share common attitudes, beliefs & interests. As well as age, religion, race, education, intelligence, smoking behaviour & economic status o Love lasts when "the lovers love many things together and not merely each other" o We also like those who like us o Reward Theory of Attraction: we will like those whose behaviour is rewarding to us and we will continue relationships that offer more rewards than costs Romantic Love Passionate Love - an aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship. This theory assumes that emotions have two ingredients; physical arousal & cognitive appraisal. Arousal from any source can enhance one emotion or another, depending on how we interpret and label the arousal. Adrenaline makes the heart grow fonder and when sexual desire is supplemented by a growing attachment, the result is romantic love. Module 46 Page 2 Companionate Love - the deep affecti
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