Module 46 Page 1
Geographic nearness a friends most powerful predictor
People are most inclined to like or even marry those who live in the same neighbourhood, sit by
in class, work in the same office etc.
Mere Exposure Effect - the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking
Even more likely to marry someone whose first/last name resembles our own
A young Taiwanese man wrote 700 letters to his girlfriend urging her to marry him, who married
the mail carrier instead
Predicts how often people date and how popular they feel.
Affects peoples initial impressions of peoples personalities; healthier, happier, more sensitive,
more successful, more socially skilled
Less attractive people are more likely to perceive praise for their work as sincere (rather than an
attractive person suspicious that the reaction is just towards their looks)
People with symmetrical faces and bodies are more sexually attractive
o Likely to share common attitudes, beliefs & interests. As well as age, religion, race, education,
intelligence, smoking behaviour & economic status
o Love lasts when "the lovers love many things together and not merely each other"
o We also like those who like us
o Reward Theory of Attraction: we will like those whose behaviour is rewarding to us and we will
continue relationships that offer more rewards than costs
Passionate Love - an aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the
beginning of a love relationship. This theory assumes that emotions have two ingredients; physical
arousal & cognitive appraisal. Arousal from any source can enhance one emotion or another, depending
on how we interpret and label the arousal.
Adrenaline makes the heart grow fonder and when sexual desire is supplemented by a growing
attachment, the result is romantic love. Module 46 Page 2
Companionate Love - the deep affecti