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Chapter 2

PSYC 1010 Chapter 2: PSYC 1010 - Module 2 - The Need for Psychological Science (pg. 22-40)Premium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis, Odette Weiss, Giulia Rinaldi
Chapter
2

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PSY
C1010 Module2theneedforPsychologicalScience
psychological
science3critical
thinkingisblocked
by3
things
hindsight
islikewhen
you
say Iknewit allalong
most
commonly
seenas a
judgement
made
aftertheact3it'sconsequencehas
occurred
7
when
we
start
to
believe
something
is
more
true
oncewe've
seen
heard
the
results
etsomeone
praisingagutsy
shotif itgoesinus
them
anti
sizingit if itisn'tas
successful
sayswhat
has
happenedus predicting
what
could
happen
Overton iswhenwehumans
feel
like
weknow
morethanwedo
when
making
judgements
orpredictions
more
confident
than
correct
7perceivingorderinrandomerentsisus
doing
any
3everythingwecantotry 2make
senseofthe
confusing7unpredictableworld
welive
in
ex pulling
things
outof
theblue
cheat
hidden
messages
inmusicor
seeing
messagesinclouds
we
tend
totry3addlogicormake
up
hidden
meanings
sowe
can
saywe
have
anexplanation
forthings
THESE
THINGS
SHIFT
US
FROM
REALITY
TOFANTASY
BITSCIENTIFICINQUIRYBRINGSUS
BACK
A
thescientificmethodandpsychologicalscience
psychologists create
theories3put
themtothe
test
inorderto
prove
them
through
the
scientific
method
contracting
theories
thatcan
be
tested
by
the
scientific
method
help
advancepsychology
atheoryexplainsbehavioursby
offering
ideas
that
supportobservations
when
theoriesare
good
enough
tobe
put
to
the
test
theyare
called
ahypothesis
these
are
predictions
thescientific
method isthe
process
ofasking
questions3thenwaitingto
see
nature's
answers
defines
firm 77 Meads
leads
to to
revising
the thescientific
cycle rhypotheshisT
leadsto
7the
repetitionoftesting7proving
these
theories
makes
them
more
credible
7ameta
analysis
takesthe
results
ofthestudybutbydifferent
groups
3givesabottom
line or
average
resultmaking
things
evenmoreunbiased9accurate
thestartof
any
scienceisdescription
wecandescribe
things
through
oase s
4indepth
analysis
ofindividualsorgroups
oneofthe
oldest
research
methods
examines
one
grouporindividual
3
hope
itisthesame
for
therestofppl
like
them
tryingtorevealuniversalprinciples
cangive
waytoother
studies
4theydo
notdefineevery
one
though
naturalisticobservation
4recording
behaviourinnatural
environments
4itis asmall
science
thatanyonecan
practice3recordwa
pen7
paper
itcanalso
be abig
sciencewhenmegacorporationslikeFacebook3Google
track
their
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