Textbook Notes (368,611)
Canada (162,009)
York University (12,849)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 1010 (1,086)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 STIs.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 1010
William Fisher

Chapter 8 STI’s STI’s Introduction - STI’s affect an individual’s physical and psychological sexual health - STI is more encompassing because it includes infections for which people have symptoms as well as those for which they have no symptoms (asymptomatic) - Some ways to combat these STIs is to re-write our sexual script and inform ourselves - There has been an increase in the incidence of newly acquired STIs in Canada - STIs mostly affect teens and young adults aged 15-24 - For the younger people: HPV, Trichomoniasis, and Chlamydia account for the great majority (only Chlamydia is reportable) - 60 million of the people who were infected with HIV: ½ of them became infected between the ages of 15 and 24 - STI-related stigma: awareness that people are judged negatively for contracting and STI - STI-related shame: The negative feelings people have about themselves as a result of receiving an STI diagnosis - People who are more socially and sexually conservative (old-school) experience greater STI- related stigma and shame - Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) frequently used in this chapter - Only some but not all STIs must be reported. Thus, there are no national data on some of the most common STIs such as genital herpes and HPV - Bacteria STIs: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis (cured by antibiotics) - Viral STIs: Herpes, HIV/AIDS, HPV, and Hepatitis B (cannot be cured but can be treated to reduce symptoms) Chlamydia - Bacterium that is spread by sexual contact and infects genital organs of both males and females - Most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infection in Canada - Most common STI that is reported in Canada - Rate of Chlamydia has been rising - Adolescent girls have a particularly high rate of infection, more than 5 times the national rate - When a man has urinal discharge he has more chances of having Chlamydia than gonorrhea Symptoms: - Thin, clear discharge and mild discomfort of urination appearing 7-21 days after infection - Similar to the gonorrhea symptoms in men: gonorrhea has more painful urination and more pus-like discharge - Urine sample from men and women (cervical cells) to diagnose - 75% of the Chlamydia cases in women are asymptomatic - 50% of the Chlamydia cases in men are asymptomatic Treatment: - Chlamydia is curable with the antibiotics: azithromycin or any other tetracycline - Chlamydia does NOT respond to penicillin - Untreated cases: urethral damage, epididymitis, Reiter’s syndrome, and proctitis in men who have had anal intercourse - Women may experience: pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and possible infertility due to scarring of the fallopian tubes. Baby born to a woman with Chlamydia may develop an eye infection or even pneumonia. Prevention: - One of the most effective tools for prevention is screening - The health agency recommends routine testing by the family doctor of all women who are sexually active under the age of 25 - However, research in Ontario indicates that only a minority of physicians do any sex health assessment and that physicians infrequently suggest Chlamydia testing - Far fewe
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1010

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.