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Chapter 20

PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20: PsyPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis, Odette Weiss, Giulia Rinaldi
Chapter
20

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PSYC1010 Module 20 BasicLearningconcepts3Classicalconditioning
Howdowelearn7
oas welearnwe ashumansadaptto ourenvironments
classical
conditioning is thefact that we learntoexpecthepreparefor significant
events
et aroutineor ritualthatwe arealmost programmed todo
eteatingwhenweare hungry
etadog
trainedto respondto
thesoundofabell
operantconditioning isthefact thatwerepeat
actsthatarerewarding
tous
et achild
doing
theirchoresbctheyknowtheir rewardwillbetastycandy
cognitive
learn
in
ingisthefact
thatwe
learnnewbehavioursbyobservingothers
et through
stories we learnfromexperience we maynot havenecessarilygone
through
ourselves
exlearningfromothers
learning
byassociation
johnlocke david
humebe
aristotle
our mindnaturallyconnects
things 7makescorrelationsbasedonlifeexperiences
exgivingsomeone aredpen
tomarkan essaywmakes
themspot
errorsmore bc
growingup
they
may
haveassociatedaredpenwa
teachermaking
testsbe
evaluations
learningbyassociationleadstohabits
habits
therearebothgood7bad
habits
whenourwillpower
fails we
tendtofallbackintohabits
it isimportanttomakebeneficialhabits
on averagebehavioursbecomehabitualafterapprox 66days
every
dayfor 2months
conditioning istheprocessoflearningassociations
therearetwotypes ofconditioning
classical
conditioning welearn
toassociate
twostimulus
canevent orsituationthat
triggers aresponse
ex welearnthatlightning
isfollowedbythunder
sometimeswehave aspecific
responseto aspecific
stimuliandit isinvoluntary
this isknown as arespondentbehaviour
operantconditioning we learnto link ouractions
1
behaviourwacertain
consequence
ex werepeat
actionsthatyeildgoodresults3refrain
fromactionsthatyieldbad
results
7operantconditioningresults in operant
behaviourC
doingcertain
thingsin order
togetacertainenvironmental
result
cognitivelearning
allowsus
togainknowledgethat guideshow weactinthe
future
observationallearningistheactof
learning
from
othersexperiences
etwatching
someonedo something2seetheresult will eitherencourageor
discourageyou
from
doingit inthe
future
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