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Chapter 21

PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 21: Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, PsyPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis, Odette Weiss, Giulia Rinaldi
Chapter
21

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PSY
C
1010 Module21 operantconditioning
whatisoperantcondih.org
theactofteachinganorganismtolearn
something
learningistheactofgainingknowledgeorbehaviours
throughexperience
operant
conditioning
itselfislearningbyseeing
that
someactionsarereinforced 7othersare
punished
operant
behaviourisabehaviour
that
operates
on
the
environment
3hasaconsequence
ex achildscryingcope
rant
behaviourbeing
eitherrewardedor reprimanded
Operantconditioningusclassicalconditioning
itsuptothe
organism
toconnect
their
actions
up Infforunghsaffiliation
consequences involvesautomatic
response
to a
stimulus
SkinnerisExpirements
BFSkinner
wasamodernbehaviour
a
list
hisworkstemmedoxofthelawofeffect
thelawofeffect
is
the
beliefthatwhenbehaviourisrewardeditisdone
more3whenbehaviour
ispunisheditisdonelessbyEdwardLThorndike
behaviour
control
is
theidea
thatwecancontrolbehaviour
operantchamberaKASkinner's
boxhas abar
1
keythat an animal can interact w
togetarewardtheamountof
timestheanimalpresses
that
button
togainareward isthen
recorded
reinforcementissomething
that
strengthensacertainbehaviour
differentorganismsrequiredifferent
waysofreinforcement
shapingbehaviour
shapingis theintentional
waybehavioursareinfluenced
byreinforcing
certainbehaviour
reinforcinginsuccesiveapproximations isthegradualmethodofrewarding
behaviour
gradual
steps
untiltheoverall
desired
behaviour
isreached
discriminative
stimulusis astimulus
thataresponse
willbe
reinforcedto
typesofreinforcers
positive
reinforcersincreasebehaviour
bygiving a
positivereinforcement
negative
reinforcers
increase
behaviour
bystopping
1
decreasingthe amount ofnegative
stimuli any
thing
thatwhenremovedafter aresponse encouragesthatresponse
ex aparent
pickinguptheirchildtostophearingitsannoyingory
NOT
PUNISHMENTARelief
primary
reinforcersbiological
things
that
bring anecessary satisfaction
ex getting
food
whenyouare hungry
conditioned
reinforcersarereinforcesthat are associatedwlprimary
reinforcers
ex the soundof awhistle conditionedreinforcers ispairedwatreat primary
reinforcer
immediate
reinforcers
occur
right
afterthedesiredbehaviour
delayed
reinforcersoccuratimeperiodafter
the
desired
behaviour worksbest whumans
thanwithanimals
etgood
grades theendof a
termor apaycheck the
end
ofthe
week
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