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Chapter 22

PSYC 1010 Chapter 22: PSYC 1010 - Module 22 - Biology, Cognition and LearningPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis, Odette Weiss, Giulia Rinaldi
Chapter
22

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PSY
C1010Module
22 BiologyCognition Learning
learningistheproduct
ofbiologicalpsychological 3socialcultural
influences
there
are
some
biologicalconstraints
on
conditioning
itwas
believed
that
just
about
any
ofan
organisms
activity
orresponses
couldbeconditioned
now
however
we
realise
thatbiology
standsinour
way pioneered
by
johngarcia
the
ideaof preparedness tells theorganismtolearn
thingsthatwillincrease
itschance
ofsurvival
theideaof
tasteaversionwasstudiedbyjohn3
showed
thattheeasiest
wayfor arat
toidentifyapoisonous
foodwould
befor
them
to
tasteit see
theresultofconsumption3thenif
they
got
sickavoid
that
taste
calso
seeninhumans
ourownbiological
preparedness
teaches
ustoassociateconditioned
stimulisomething
thatisn't
inately
triggeredlikethe
taste
of
spoiled
milkto unconditioned
responses like
vomiting
orgagging the
smellofspoiled
milk to warnour
bodiesof
threats
itwas
found
thatitsveryeasytolearn
behaviours
thatare already
whatwe
donaturally
exeasier
to
teachapigeontoflapitswingstoflyrather
thantoflapits
wings
toget
food
thebiological
predispositions
ofan
organism
allowitto
learnassociations
that
alreadyadapt
naturally
aninstinctive drift isthetendencyfor learnedbehaviour togo
backto biological
predispositions
Mcognition'sinfluenceonconditioning pioneeredby
robert
rescorla
7allan
Wagner
Icognition7cognitive
processesare
thingslikethinkingperceptions4expectations
studies wanimal
madeanimalsto bemindlessmachines but it was shown
Eftheataimmmaiainmaiigiiaoananieanneedxiitaaiiisoaineanr.ie whapsbe.ma.ieid
YwiiYrbieotmis
Jet ananimalbeingconditioned
throughafixedintervalreinforcement
schedule
may
begin
Ito
expect
thatafteracertainamountofresponsestheywillgetareward
o
ccognition
also
makesassociationswhich
influenceourattitudes 3behaviours
towards
certain
things
cognition
maps
are
mental
layouts
of
one'senvironment
etafter
exploringamazeratsappear
tohaveitallmapped
outallowing
Themtosolve
The
Dmaze
faster
slatent
learning
occurs
whenwe
learnsomethingbutdo
notdisplay
ituntil
some
sort
ofreward
or
is IE 11am ano mwinngntnnein.mrmmaaesii.ie mer ramuriananeanteiitouirn
ensenit
am iin
on exstops
becomingmeaningful
to
thembcthey
have
tobebribed
by
othersto
doit
they
must
findwhatmakesitmeaningful7
fulfillingto
them
extrinsic
motivationisthedesire
toperform acertain
behaviour
only
togain a
promised
sreward oravoidathreatened
punishment
set achild
doingchoresso
they
don'tlose
theircurfew
privi
ledges
learning
by
observation
learning
by
watching
othersnot
bydirect
experience
modeling
iswhen
youobserve
behaviour7then
imitate
it
vicariousreinforcement
1
punishment
isour
tendency
toanticipate
theconsequencesofour
behaviour
we
learn
more
from
people
who
are
similar
to
ourselves whenwe
identify
wsomeone
we experience
theiroutcomes
vicariously
ourbrainisbelieved
tohave
mirror
neuronsthat
fire
either
whenweperform
anactionorobserve
someoneelse
doing
so C
seenbyrizzo
latti
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