One study found that participants were able to make meaningful inferences about stimulus persons" extraversions, openness to experience, agreeableness, and self-esteem based on photographs. Illusory correlation occurs when people estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of an association between social traits than they have actually seen. Individuals often selectively recall facts that fit with their schemas and stereotypes. Review of key points: people"s perceptions of others can be distorted by a variety of factors including physical appearance. People tend to attribute desirable characteristics, such as intelligence, competence, warmth, and friendliness, to those who are good looking: baby-faced people are viewed as honest. Perceptions of people are also influenced by their style of nonverbal expressiveness. People use social schemas to categorize others into types. Stereotypes are widely held social schemas that lead people to expect that others will have certain characteristics because of their membership in a specific groups: gender, age, ethnic, and occupational stereotypes are common.