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Chapter 48

PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 48: Evidence-Based Practice, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Nocturnal Enuresis


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Jublis
Chapter
48

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Evaluating Psychotherapies:
Psychotherapy
o Treatment involving psychological techniques: consists of interactions between a trained
therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal
growth
Clients' perceptions:
Most people finish therapy and are satisfied
People often enter therapy in crisis
o When crisis passes, people may attribute their improvement to therapy
Clients believe that treatment will be effective
o Placebo effect is the healing power of positive expectations
Clients generally speak kindly of their therapists
Clients want to believe the therapy is worth the effort
Prone to selective and biased recall and to making judgements that confirm our beliefs
o Effort justification
Control group
Clinicians' perceptions:
Clients justify entering psychotherapy by emphasizing their unhappiness and justify leaving by
emphasizing their well-being
Therapists only know of those who are satisfied, they do not know about the people who only
have temporary relief and seek new therapists for recurring problems
Outcome research:
People were saying untreated patients were improving and majority of the sample size was small
Meta- analysis
o Procedure for statistically combining the results of different research studies
o Gives us the bottom line result of lots of studies
Those who do not go to therapy can improve but those who go to therapy are more likely to
improve and with less risk of relapse
When looking for psychological treatments, search for other medical treatments drops
Reduce long-term costs
Which psychotherapies work best?
Those who experience phobias or panic can hope for improvement
Those with less-focused problems such as depression and anxiety benefit in the short terms but
often relapse later
Comorbidity of disorders
Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies:
o Anxiety, PTSD, insomnia and depression
Behavioral conditioning therapies: specific behavior problems
o Bed-wetting, phobias, compulsions, marital problems and sexual dysfunctions
Psychodynamic therapy
o Depression and anxiety
Nondirective counseling
o Mild to moderate depression
Evidence- based practice
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