Textbook Notes (368,125)
Canada (161,663)
York University (12,802)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 1010 (1,086)
Chapter 7

Psyc 1010 Chapter 7 (memory) summary

7 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Chapter 7 – memory Different Kinds of info stored in LTM different compartments in long term memory to store dif information 1 Procedural – memory of how to do things, actions and skills- ex your fingers automatically know what numbers to press for your pin number even when u r mind blanks out 2. Declarative – memory for facts a) semantic memory - general information about rules or things that we have over learned - these memories are not linked to a specific time and place - if asked what ppl do to shoqw affection u wouold say that they kiss, u ust know that - you just know the colour of a 5 dollar bill - ppl have turkey for chirstmas - general fact that ppl gereally tend to know - your address – uve knwon it forever, you cant pinpoint when u leanred it so its sematic , but if u just moved and have a new address and ur trying to memorize this new address, this would be something n your epsidoic memory b) episodic memory - involves memory for specifc events or episodes rather than repeated ones - these are usually unique events rather than repreated ones - ex: the first kiss, its unique so u remember it - this is autobiographic to your own life - what did u have for dinner on Monday night – this is a specific epidsode, one specifc unique event - Implicit memory (incidental memory, unconscious – you don’t intentionally try to remember it byut you just do) vs. Explicit memory (you wre intentialny trying to remerber the information) - ex: ex: you are told to rmeber the words on a page – this is explicit, biut if you also remebr the colour of the words – this is implicit -When u ride a bike or tie your shoe you do not intnentioally try to remember but u just remember it aurtomatically -Explicit is under declarative -Implicit is under procedural Inablilty to recall info in LTM: - Sometimes you know something but u are unable to remerb information that is in your long term memory – why?  Pseudo forgetting: fake forgetting – the information never went into memoery system in first place so they are not actually foregetting  Decay or displacement: if you don’t do something once stored in short term it is going to decay and it will not be transferred to long term or it will be kicked out - ther are cases when it thje infor does male to long term memory store but u are not able to access information Why is onformation not accessible in LTM 1. - Context-dependent forgetting or encoding-specificity principle - Not able to recall because the cues used for retrieving information are different from those used at encoding - You are using an inappropriate search strategy o Spme cuew from the classroom can be incorporated with the information beting taught therefore if the cures that were there whaen u learned the material match the cures being used when later trying to remerbe the info then chances are you will be able to remebr the info – the problem is when their is a mismatch between cues when u learned info and remerbing info, thats when ur using inapprpitpate search stratedgy o Ex: someone says do u remember Jane from party, ans they so no, then ub say she used to go out with Joe, and they say no, then u say remerber the ugly dress she was wearing, then they say yes – when u first meet someone u don’t remerb their name, yuo remerb what they lok like and their personality therefoe u met jane, you payed attentionto her clothing therefore when her name or her bf name are stated there is a mismatch, only when u say the dress, then u have match because that was the cue used in encoding and retrieval – therefore we forget things if the cues are not the same o Ex: if prof runs into student at school they now they knoiw them from the class, but if they run into them at store ourside of school they don’t remerb from where – this is because of context – there is a mismatch o You got something in your hand, the phone rings u leave and drop ehat had in your hand but when u come back for it you cant find it because cant remerb where u put it – but if u retrace your steps yuo are recreating the context and the u remerb where u put it o When listenting to CD at the end of one song before the next song starts, you insntant;y know what the enxt song is going to be 2. interference (competition from other material) encoding -> retention interval -> retrieval - Retention means being able to contuie to remerb info that u leanred - If you leanrd oinfo for a test and then could sleep btn the time u studies and time u had to write it and there is no new material to remerber but if u have a whole bunch of info thats new then u will have problems retrieving infoo at a later point and time --? a) Retroactive interference o New information intereferes with the recall of older information b) Proactive interference o Older information interferes with the reacall of the newer information - Ex: have an eco test coming up, u strat studying for eco, then u switch to psych then u write eco test – then u may fin d that psych is starting to interefere with the racal of the eco information - retroactive interference - Ex: if u strudy psych then eco then wrote eco test, then u culd still have psych strat to interfere with eco information andtherfore interfere with ability to recall eco information - When kids are small, they seem to reber information that is trivial ans irrelevant – thats becasuw wat does a four year old have to commit ton memory – they don’t have clutter that adults have therefore les interference and therefore able to remerb things that are less important better Test 3 – Depth (or levels) of processing approach to memory Level 1 l Appearance – ehichi wors Structural encoding – u written in capitol letters, just process what it looks how many letters like – not a good way if u want the info to be permenantent and remerb it later Level 2 l Sound – what ryhymes Phonemic with wo
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1010

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.