Textbook Notes (369,082)
Canada (162,376)
York University (12,903)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 1010 (1,086)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8

10 Pages
29 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis

This preview shows pages 1,2 and half of page 3. Sign up to view the full 10 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 8 Cognition refers to the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledgeLANGUAGE TURNING THOUGHTS INTO WORDS What is languageLanguage consists of symbols that convey meaning plus rules for combining those symbols that can be used to generate an infinite variety od messagesProperties o Symbolicpeople use spoken sounds and written words to represent object actions event and ideas o Semanticmeaningfulthe symbols used in a language are arbitrary in that no builtin relationship exists between the look or sound of words and the objects they stand for o Generativea limited number of symbols can be combined in an infinite variety of ways to generate an endless array of novel messages o Structured sentences must be structured in a limited amount of ways The Structure of LanguagePhonemesBase of the language hierarchyPhonemes the smallest speech units in a language that can be distinguished perceptuallyEnglish language is composed of about 40 phonemes corresponding roughly to the 26 letters of the alphabet plus several variations Morphemes and SemanticsMorphemes the smallest units of meaning in a languageApprox 50000 English Morphemes which include root words as well as prefixes and suffixeso Single morphemesex Fire guard friend o Combination of morphemes unfriendlySemantics the area of language concerned with understanding the meaning of words and word combinations SyntaxSyntax a system of rules that specify how words can be arranged into sentencesSimple rule of this a sentence must have both a subject and a verb Milestones in Language DevelopmentMoving toward Producing WordsJanet Werker argues that human infants are well prepared to learn language and that babies have perceptual biases that facilitate the acquisition of phonology Using Words
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2 and half of page 3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit