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Chapter 6

Chapter 6

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis
Semester
Winter

Description
Psych Notes Chapter 6 Phobia irrational fears of specific objects or situationsLearning refers to a relatively durable change in behaviour or knowledge that is due to experienceConditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in an organisms environmentCLASSICAL CONDITIONING Classical conditioning a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus o first called pavlovian conditioning around 1900 by Ian PavlovPavlovs Demonstration Psychic ReflexesTerminology and Procedures Unconditioned Stimulus UCS a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning Unconditioned Response UCR an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioningConditioned Stimulus CS a previously neutral stimulus that has through conditioning acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned responseConditional Response CR a learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of a previous conditioned Trial Classical Conditioning consists of any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli Classical Conditioning in Everyday Life phobias suggest that many irrational fears can be tracked to experiences that involve classical conditioningsongs that elicit a positive emotion related to an activity you were engaged inpuppies and cute children are popular stimuli in advertisement design Conditioning and physiological ReponsesImmunosuppression a decrease in the production of antibodiesWhen your sick you body produces antibodies importance of immune response becomes evident when the immune system is disabledClassical conditioning can elicit allergic reactionsGrowth to drug addiction and withdrawal systems when drug use is halted Conditioning and Drug EffectsBasic Processes in Classical Conditioning Acquisition forming new responsesAcquisition the initial stage of learning somethingPavlov theorized that acquisition of a conditioned response depends on stimulus contiguityStimulus are contiguous if they occur together in time and space Extinction Weakening Conditioned Responses
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