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Chapter 1

chapter 1

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Psychology Chapter 1 9142011 102600 AM Psychologists seek to describe explain and predict the occurrence of behaviorPsychology comes from 2 Greek works Psyche meaning soul and logos referring to the study of a subject Since 1918 it has been the study of the mind A German professor named Wilhelm Wundt was the one who created psychology from physiology and philosophyHard worker published 54 000 pages of books and articles in his careerTwo biggest battles in the beginning were bw structuralismfunctionalism 1 Structuralism claims psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related Most of their work consisted of sensation perception in vision hearing and touch Introspection systematic self observation of ones own conscious experience2 Functionalism James psychology should investigate the functionpurpose of consciousness rather than its structureNatural selection Darwin heritable characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to successive generations and become selected over time A third school of psychology founded by John Watson was3 Behaviorism scientific psychology should study only on observable behaviorBehavior any overt response or activity Ageold question is if behavior is determined by genetic inheritance nature or by the environment and experience nurture Watson says theyre made Stimulus detectable input from the environment Lightsound waves or TV advertisements or sarcasm from a friendetcFreud studied the study of the4 Unconscious contains thoughts memories and desires that are well below the surface of consciousness but exert great influence on behaviorPsychoanalytic explains personality motivation and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior
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