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Chapter 13

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Chapter 13Stress Coping and HealthBiopsychosocial model physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological psychological and sociocultural factorsHealth psychologyconcerned with the causes treatment and prevention of illness Stress any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten ones wellbeing and that thereby tax ones coping abilities o Is cumulative o Some people are more prone to stress than othersMajor Types of StressStressful events can be divided into o Acute stressorsthreatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint o Chronic stressorsthreatening events that have a relatively long duration and nor readily apparent time limitFour major types of stress o Frustrationoccurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwartedInclude failures and losing thingsopportunities o Conflictoccurs when 2 or more incompatible motivations or behavioural impulses compete for expressionEx approachapproach conflict a choice must be made between two attractive goals are the least stressfulEx avoidanceavoidance conflicta choice must be made between two unattractive goals highly stressfulEx approachavoidance conflicta choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects produce vacillation going back and forth with indecision o Life changesnoticeable alterations in ones living circumstances that require readjustmentEven nice changes can produce stressIs there a relationship between stress and subsequent illnessHolmes and Rahe yesSocial Readjustment Rating Scale o Helps identify people who are at high risk for stressrelated problems and it contains a list of life events that require change or readjustmentFlawed o Pressureexpectations or demands that one behave in a certain wayIs often selfimposed as is stress in generalDaily hasslesfrequent and minor hassles are better predictors of immediate daytoday emotional and physical health than major life events but major life events produce changes in health one or two years after the eventResponding to Stress Emotional ResponsesPeople under stress often react emotionally
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