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Chapter 13

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Chapter 13 Stress Coping and Health3242012 90800 AM Biopsychosocial model physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological psychological and sociocultural factors Health psychology concerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation prevention and treatment of illness Stress any circumstances that threatens or is perceived to threaten ones well being and thereby taxes ones coping abilities A major stress event can cause a cascade of minor stress events Types of stress Acute stressors threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint Ex coping with major exam or flood in the house Chronic stressors threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily apparent time limit Ex credit card debts sick family member Four major types of stress 1 Frustration occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted Most frustrations are brief and insignificant Failure and losses are two kinds of common frustration that are often highly stressful 2 Conflict occurs when two or more incompatible motivations or behavioural impulses compete for expression Three types of conflict Approachapproach conflict a choice must be made between two attractive goals Least stressful of the three Ex Choose chocolate or vanilla icecream Avoidanceavoidance conflict a choice must be made between two unattractive goals Highly stressful Ex unemployed or work a bad job Approachavoidance conflict a choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive qualities They cause vacillation going back and forth between a decision Ex You are offered a very good job but it requires you to move to a new city 3 Change life changes are noticeable alterations in ones living circumstances that require readjustment Positive events can cause stress since they bring change Ex moving to a new house getting divorced 4 Pressure involves expectations or demands that one behave in a certain wayCommon emotional responses to stress include a Annoyance anger and rage b Apprehension anxiety and fear c Dejection sadness and grief
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