Leadership Guidance of others in their pursuits, often by organizing, directing,
coordinating, supporting, and motivating their efforts; also, the ability to lead others.
Most observed least understood.
Leadership is a form of power, but power with people rather than over people—a
reciprocal relationship between the leader and the led.
Groups can function without a leader but this role is usually the first to emerge in a
newly formed group.
size of the group is also critical
members of larger groups are more likely to rely on one of their members to make
rules clear, keep members informed, and make group decisions. In general, leaders
appear in groups when (1) members feel that success on the group task is within
their reach, (2) the rewards of success are valued, (3) the task requires group effort
rather than individual effort, and (4) an individual with previous experience in the
leadership role is present in the group
under stressful situation, look for a leaders guidance
group of men will likely have a leader than a group of woman
Most people do not just accept the need for a leader but appreciate the contribution
that the leader makes to the group and its outcomes
members do not resist having a leader; in- stead, they conspire to create leaders
both interper- sonally and psychologically
Leaders influence their groups in significant ways.
Some leaders are influential—but in a negative way.
eaders significantly influence their group’s dynamics, but sometimes people think
that leaders do everything
This romanticized view of leaders as rescuers and heroes has been aptly termed
the romance of leadership: over estimating amount of influence a leader has on
Whats leadership? leadership is the process by which an individual guides others
in their collective pursuits, often by organizing, directing, coordinating,
supporting, and motivating their efforts.
complex of interpersonal processes whereby cooperating individuals are permitted
to influence and motivate others to promote the attainment of group and individual goals. These processes are reciprocal, transactional, transformational, cooperative,
Leadership is a reciprocal process, involving the leader, the followers, and the
the leader–follower relation- ship is mutual.
followership Working effectively with a leader and other group members.
Questions about followers? Active or passive? And independent or dependent? Best
followers are actively involved and are independent. They don’t over rely on the leader.
Kelly: 3 kind of followers
1) conformist (yes) are active but defend the leader vigoursly, don’t question the
2) passive followers (sheep) passively involved, finish their work in the group but
must be constantly monitored.
3) Pragmatic followers are the rank and file members of the group. they are neither
active nor passive, conforming or independent, but likely to remain in the
background and contribute what they can.
4) Alienated followers are not committed, keep to themselves, quiet, when they
speak very critical of their members and the leader
5) Exemplary followers aka stars are actively engaged In the group and don’t blindly
follow the leader.
According to Kelly, groups with multiple leaders will be chaotic and groups can be
successful if the members are stars
Leadership is transformational, leaders rise ppl motivation confidence and
Leadership is cooperative, process of legitamite influence thn sheer power
Leadership is adaptive, goal seeking process. Organizes and motivates members to
attain personal and group goals.
Being a boss or manager doesn’t mean you are a leader and being a leader doesn’t
mean youre a boss or manager.
What do leaders do?
Task leadership promoting task completion; regulat- ing behavior, monitoring communi- cation,
and reducing goal ambiguity Relationship leadership maintaining and enhancing positive interpersonal relations in the group;
friendliness, mutual trust, openness, recognizing performance
leadership substitutes theory A conceptual analysis of the factors that combine to
reduce or eliminate the need for a leader.
Gender differneces in leadership styles? Men are more task focused and women are
better at relationship leadership.
how leaders emerge? Great leader theory: carlye attrtibuted to certain characteristics
tht mark those individuals for greatness.
great leader theory is consistent with a trait approach to leadership, which assumes
that leaders possess certain personality traits and characteris- tics an