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PSYC 2120
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Leadership: Leadership Guidance of others in their pursuits, often by organizing, directing, coordinating, supporting, and motivating their efforts; also, the ability to lead others. Most observed least understood. Leadership is a form of power, but power with people rather than over people—a reciprocal relationship between the leader and the led. Groups can function without a leader but this role is usually the first to emerge in a newly formed group. size of the group is also critical members of larger groups are more likely to rely on one of their members to make rules clear, keep members informed, and make group decisions. In general, leaders appear in groups when (1) members feel that success on the group task is within their reach, (2) the rewards of success are valued, (3) the task requires group effort rather than individual effort, and (4) an individual with previous experience in the leadership role is present in the group under stressful situation, look for a leaders guidance group of men will likely have a leader than a group of woman Most people do not just accept the need for a leader but appreciate the contribution that the leader makes to the group and its outcomes members do not resist having a leader; in- stead, they conspire to create leaders both interper- sonally and psychologically Leaders influence their groups in significant ways. Some leaders are influential—but in a negative way. eaders significantly influence their group’s dynamics, but sometimes people think that leaders do everything This romanticized view of leaders as rescuers and heroes has been aptly termed the romance of leadership: over estimating amount of influence a leader has on group outcomes. Whats leadership? leadership is the process by which an individual guides others in their collective pursuits, often by organizing, directing, coordinating, supporting, and motivating their efforts. complex of interpersonal processes whereby cooperating individuals are permitted to influence and motivate others to promote the attainment of group and individual goals. These processes are reciprocal, transactional, transformational, cooperative, and adaptive. Leadership is a reciprocal process, involving the leader, the followers, and the group situation. the leader–follower relation- ship is mutual. followership Working effectively with a leader and other group members. Questions about followers? Active or passive? And independent or dependent? Best followers are actively involved and are independent. They don’t over rely on the leader. Kelly: 3 kind of followers 1) conformist (yes) are active but defend the leader vigoursly, don’t question the leader 2) passive followers (sheep) passively involved, finish their work in the group but must be constantly monitored. 3) Pragmatic followers are the rank and file members of the group. they are neither active nor passive, conforming or independent, but likely to remain in the background and contribute what they can. 4) Alienated followers are not committed, keep to themselves, quiet, when they speak very critical of their members and the leader 5) Exemplary followers aka stars are actively engaged In the group and don’t blindly follow the leader. According to Kelly, groups with multiple leaders will be chaotic and groups can be successful if the members are stars Leadership is transformational, leaders rise ppl motivation confidence and satisfaction. Leadership is cooperative, process of legitamite influence thn sheer power Leadership is adaptive, goal seeking process. Organizes and motivates members to attain personal and group goals. Being a boss or manager doesn’t mean you are a leader and being a leader doesn’t mean youre a boss or manager. What do leaders do? Task leadership promoting task completion; regulat- ing behavior, monitoring communi- cation, and reducing goal ambiguity Relationship leadership maintaining and enhancing positive interpersonal relations in the group; friendliness, mutual trust, openness, recognizing performance leadership substitutes theory A conceptual analysis of the factors that combine to reduce or eliminate the need for a leader. Gender differneces in leadership styles? Men are more task focused and women are better at relationship leadership. how leaders emerge? Great leader theory: carlye attrtibuted to certain characteristics tht mark those individuals for greatness. great leader theory is consistent with a trait approach to leadership, which assumes that leaders possess certain personality traits and characteris- tics an
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