PSYC 2130 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Anal Stage, Oral Stage, Phallic Stage

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One of freud"s less profound yet most enduring cultural legacies is the stereotype of what a psychotherapist should look like. When his patients talked about their psychological problems, sometimes that, by itself, was enough to help or even cure them. Free association, instructing the patient to say whatever came to mind. One reason is because making thoughts and fears explicit by saying them out loud brings them into the open ,where the conscious, rational mind can deal with them. Another reason is that the psychotherapist can provide emotional support during the patient"s difficult task of trying to figure out what is going on. A basic tenet of science, is the idea that everything that happens has a cause that in principle, maybe not always in practice can be identified. The assumption that everything that happens in a person"s mind, and therefore everything that a person thinks and does, also has a specific cause.

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